A line-by-line translation

Romeo and Juliet

Romeo and Juliet Translation Table of Contents

Now you can read Romeo and Juliet alongside a modern translation that anyone can understand. Use the translation to enrich your understanding of Shakespeare's original and avoid getting bogged down in archaic language.


The Chorus delivers the Prologue, setting the scene and asking the audience to patiently watch the play.

Act 1, Scene 1

The servants and relatives of the Montagues and Capulets fight. The Prince demands that they stop. Romeo discusses love.

Act 1, Scene 2

Capulet discusses Paris' plans to marry Juliet. Romeo and Benvolio hear about Capulet's party and plan to crash it .

Act 1, Scene 3

Lady Capulet tells Juliet that she should marry Paris when she turns fourteen.

Act 1, Scene 4

Romeo, Benvolio, and Mercutio head to the party. Romeo says he won't dance but the others insist he should.

Act 1, Scene 5

Tybalt is angry to see Romeo at the party, but Capulet tells him to stay calm. Romeo and Juliet fall in love and kiss.

Act 2, Prologue

The Chorus explains that Romeo and Juliet are in love, and that love helps them find a way to meet each other again.

Act 2, Scene 1

Romeo climbs into the orchard surrounding the Capulets' house, and Benvolio and Mercutio decide to leave him.

Act 2, Scene 2

Romeo sees Juliet at her balcony, and they exchange vows of love. Juliet agrees to send a messenger to Romeo.

Act 2, Scene 3

Romeo asks Friar Lawrence to marry him and Juliet. Father Lawrence agrees after mocking Romeo for forgetting Rosaline.

Act 2, Scene 4

Tybalt has sent a challenge to Romeo. Romeo and Mercutio banter. Juliet's nurse agrees to help the lovers.

Act 2, Scene 5

The Nurse tells Juliet to go to Friar Lawrence and marry Romeo, after winding her up by refusing to get to the point.

Act 2, Scene 6

Friar Lawrence marries Romeo and Juliet in a quick, private ceremony.

Act 3, Scene 1

Romeo won't fight Tybalt, but Mercutio does. Mercutio dies, and Romeo kills Tybalt for revenge. Romeo must flee.

Act 3, Scene 2

The Nurse tells Juliet that Romeo has killed Tybalt. Juliet defends Romeo, and the Nurse agrees to go fetch Romeo.

Act 3, Scene 3

Friar Lawrence tells Romeo that he is to be banished. Romeo plans to meet Juliet before fleeing to Mantua.

Act 3, Scene 4

Paris entreats the Capulets to arrange his marriage to Juliet. They agree, setting the date for three days away.

Act 3, Scene 5

Romeo departs from Juliet's bedroom. The Capulets tell Juliet to marry Paris but she refuses, upsetting her father.

Act 4, Scene 1

Paris talks to Juliet about marrying him. Friar Lawrence tells Juliet his plan, and gives her a strong sleeping potion.

Act 4, Scene 2

The Capulets plan for the wedding celebration. Juliet appears cheerful, but is secretly planning to take the potion.

Act 4, Scene 3

Juliet makes excuses to her nurse and her mother about not wanting to share a room that night. She drinks the potion.

Act 4, Scene 4

The Capulets are busy arranging the wedding celebrations, with Lord Capulet instructing his servants.

Act 4, Scene 5

Juliet is discovered by her nurse, and appears to be dead. Friar Lawrence has the body sent to the church.

Act 5, Scene 1

Romeo's servant Balthasar announces that Juliet is dead and buried in her family's crypt. Romeo buys poison.

Act 5, Scene 2

Friar Lawrence's messenger reveals that he could not tell Romeo of the plan because of a plague scare.

Act 5, Scene 3

Romeo goes to the tomb, kills Paris, and poisons himself. Juliet wakes up, finds Romeo dead, and stabs herself.
Ben florman
About the Translator: Ben Florman

Ben is a co-founder of LitCharts. He holds a BA in English Literature from Harvard University, where as an undergraduate he won the Winthrop Sargent prize for best undergraduate paper on a topic related to Shakespeare.