A line-by-line translation

The Two Gentlemen of Verona

The Two Gentlemen of Verona Translation Act 3, Scene 1

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Enter DUKE, TURIO, and PROTEUS

DUKE

Sir Turio, give us leave, I pray, awhile;We have some secrets to confer about.

DUKE

Sir Turio, leave us alone for a while, please. We have to discuss some secrets.

Exit TURIO

DUKE

Now, tell me, Proteus, what's your will with me?

DUKE

Now, what did you want to tell me, Proteus?

PROTEUS

My gracious lord, that which I would discover The law of friendship bids me to conceal; But when I call to mind your gracious favours Done to me, undeserving as I am, My duty pricks me on to utter that Which else no worldly good should draw from me. Know, worthy prince, Sir Valentine, my friend, This night intends to steal away your daughter: Myself am one made privy to the plot. I know you have determined to bestow her On Turio, whom your gentle daughter hates; And should she thus be stol'n away from you, It would be much vexation to your age. Thus, for my duty's sake, I rather chose To cross my friend in his intended drift Than, by concealing it, heap on your head A pack of sorrows which would press you down, Being unprevented, to your timeless grave.

PROTEUS

My gracious lord, the rules of friendship tell me to keep certain things a secret. But when I remind myself of your kindness to me, my duty forces me to tell you a secret that nobody else could ever get out of me. My friend Sir Valentine is planning on stealing away with your daughter tonight. I have been entrusted with this secret information. I know you are determined to give her in marriage to Turio, whom your dear daughter hates. And if she were taken away from you like this, it would distress you—especially at your age. So, for the sake of my duty, I would rather choose to go against my friend's intended plan than hide it. That way, you won't be weighed down with sorrow, which could easily kill you.

DUKE

Proteus, I thank thee for thine honest care; Which to requite, command me while I live. This love of theirs myself have often seen, Haply when they have judged me fast asleep, And oftentimes have purposed to forbid Sir Valentine her company and my court: But fearing lest my jealous aim might err And so unworthily disgrace the man, A rashness that I ever yet have shunn'd, I gave him gentle looks, thereby to find That which thyself hast now disclosed to me. And, that thou mayst perceive my fear of this, Knowing that tender youth is soon suggested, I nightly lodge her in an upper tower, The key whereof myself have ever kept; And thence she cannot be convey'd away.

DUKE

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PROTEUS

Know, noble lord, they have devised a mean How he her chamber-window will ascend And with a corded ladder fetch her down; For which the youthful lover now is gone And this way comes he with it presently; Where, if it please you, you may intercept him. But, good my Lord, do it so cunningly That my discovery be not aimed at; For love of you, not hate unto my friend, Hath made me publisher of this pretence.

PROTEUS

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DUKE

Upon mine honour, he shall never knowThat I had any light from thee of this.

DUKE

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PROTEUS

Adieu, my Lord; Sir Valentine is coming.

PROTEUS

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Exit

Enter VALENTINE

DUKE

Sir Valentine, whither away so fast?

DUKE

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VALENTINE

Please it your grace, there is a messengerThat stays to bear my letters to my friends,And I am going to deliver them.

VALENTINE

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DUKE

Be they of much import?

DUKE

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VALENTINE

The tenor of them doth but signifyMy health and happy being at your court.

VALENTINE

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DUKE

Nay then, no matter; stay with me awhile; I am to break with thee of some affairs That touch me near, wherein thou must be secret. 'Tis not unknown to thee that I have sought To match my friend Sir Turio to my daughter.

DUKE

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VALENTINE

I know it well, my Lord; and, sure, the match Were rich and honourable; besides, the gentleman Is full of virtue, bounty, worth and qualities Beseeming such a wife as your fair daughter: Cannot your Grace win her to fancy him?

VALENTINE

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DUKE

No, trust me; she is peevish, sullen, froward, Proud, disobedient, stubborn, lacking duty, Neither regarding that she is my child Nor fearing me as if I were her father; And, may I say to thee, this pride of hers, Upon advice, hath drawn my love from her; And, where I thought the remnant of mine age Should have been cherish'd by her child-like duty, I now am full resolved to take a wife And turn her out to who will take her in: Then let her beauty be her wedding-dower; For me and my possessions she esteems not.

DUKE

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VALENTINE

What would your Grace have me to do in this?

VALENTINE

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DUKE

There is a lady in Verona here Whom I affect; but she is nice and coy And nought esteems my aged eloquence: Now therefore would I have thee to my tutor— For long agone I have forgot to court; Besides, the fashion of the time is changed— How and which way I may bestow myself To be regarded in her sun-bright eye.

DUKE

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VALENTINE

Win her with gifts, if she respect not words:Dumb jewels often in their silent kindMore than quick words do move a woman's mind.

VALENTINE

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DUKE

But she did scorn a present that I sent her.

DUKE

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VALENTINE

A woman sometimes scorns what best contents her. Send her another; never give her o'er; For scorn at first makes after-love the more. If she do frown, 'tis not in hate of you, But rather to beget more love in you: If she do chide, 'tis not to have you gone; For why, the fools are mad, if left alone. Take no repulse, whatever she doth say; For 'get you gone,' she doth not mean 'away!' Flatter and praise, commend, extol their graces; Though ne'er so black, say they have angels' faces. That man that hath a tongue, I say, is no man, If with his tongue he cannot win a woman .

VALENTINE

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DUKE

But she I mean is promised by her friends Unto a youthful gentleman of worth, And kept severely from resort of men, That no man hath access by day to her.

DUKE

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VALENTINE

Why, then, I would resort to her by night.

VALENTINE

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DUKE

Ay, but the doors be lock'd and keys kept safe,That no man hath recourse to her by night.

DUKE

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VALENTINE

What lets but one may enter at her window?

VALENTINE

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DUKE

Her chamber is aloft, far from the ground,And built so shelving that one cannot climb itWithout apparent hazard of his life.

DUKE

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VALENTINE

Why then, a ladder quaintly made of cords,To cast up, with a pair of anchoring hooks,Would serve to scale another Hero's tower,So bold Leander would adventure it.

VALENTINE

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DUKE

Now, as thou art a gentleman of blood,Advise me where I may have such a ladder.

DUKE

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VALENTINE

When would you use it? Pray, sir, tell me that.

VALENTINE

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DUKE

This very night; for Love is like a child,That longs for every thing that he can come by.

DUKE

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VALENTINE

By seven o'clock I'll get you such a ladder.

VALENTINE

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DUKE

But, hark thee; I will go to her alone:How shall I best convey the ladder thither?

DUKE

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VALENTINE

It will be light, my lord, that you may bear itUnder a cloak that is of any length.

VALENTINE

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DUKE

A cloak as long as thine will serve the turn?

DUKE

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VALENTINE

Ay, my good lord.

VALENTINE

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DUKE

Then let me see thy cloak:I'll get me one of such another length.

DUKE

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VALENTINE

Why, any cloak will serve the turn, my lord.

VALENTINE

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DUKE

How shall I fashion me to wear a cloak? I pray thee, let me feel thy cloak upon me. What letter is this same? What's here? 'To Silvia'! And here an engine fit for my proceeding. I'll be so bold to break the seal for once.

DUKE

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Reads

DUKE

'My thoughts do harbour with my Silvia nightly, And slaves they are to me that send them flying: O, could their master come and go as lightly, Himself would lodge where senseless they are lying! My herald thoughts in thy pure bosom rest them: While I, their king, that hither them importune, Do curse the grace that with such grace hath bless'd them, Because myself do want my servants' fortune: I curse myself, for they are sent by me, That they should harbour where their lord would be.' What's here? 'Silvia, this night I will enfranchise thee.' 'Tis so; and here's the ladder for the purpose. Why, Phaeton,—for thou art Merops' son,— Wilt thou aspire to guide the heavenly car And with thy daring folly burn the world? Wilt thou reach stars, because they shine on thee? Go, base intruder! Overweening slave! Bestow thy fawning smiles on equal mates, And think my patience, more than thy desert, Is privilege for thy departure hence: Thank me for this more than for all the favours Which all too much I have bestow'd on thee. But if thou linger in my territories Longer than swiftest expedition Will give thee time to leave our royal court, By heaven! My wrath shall far exceed the love I ever bore my daughter or thyself. Be gone! I will not hear thy vain excuse; But, as thou lovest thy life, make speed from hence.

DUKE

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Exit

VALENTINE

And why not death rather than living torment? To die is to be banish'd from myself; And Silvia is myself: banish'd from her Is self from self: a deadly banishment! What light is light, if Silvia be not seen? What joy is joy, if Silvia be not by? Unless it be to think that she is by And feed upon the shadow of perfection Except I be by Silvia in the night, There is no music in the nightingale; Unless I look on Silvia in the day, There is no day for me to look upon; She is my essence, and I leave to be, If I be not by her fair influence Foster'd, illumined, cherish'd, kept alive. I fly not death, to fly his deadly doom: Tarry I here, I but attend on death: But, fly I hence, I fly away from life.

VALENTINE

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Enter PROTEUS and LANCE

PROTEUS

Run, boy, run, run, and seek him out.

PROTEUS

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LANCE

Soho, soho!

LANCE

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PROTEUS

What seest thou?

PROTEUS

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LANCE

Him we go to find: there's not a hair on's headbut 'tis a Valentine.

LANCE

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PROTEUS

Valentine?

PROTEUS

Lorem ipsu

VALENTINE

No.

VALENTINE

Lor

PROTEUS

Who then? His spirit?

PROTEUS

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VALENTINE

Neither.

VALENTINE

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PROTEUS

What then?

PROTEUS

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VALENTINE

Nothing.

VALENTINE

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LANCE

Can nothing speak? Master, shall I strike?

LANCE

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PROTEUS

Who wouldst thou strike?

PROTEUS

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LANCE

Nothing.

LANCE

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PROTEUS

Villain, forbear.

PROTEUS

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LANCE

Why, sir, I'll strike nothing: I pray you,—

LANCE

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PROTEUS

Sirrah, I say, forbear. Friend Valentine, a word.

PROTEUS

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VALENTINE

My ears are stopt and cannot hear good news,So much of bad already hath possess'd them.

VALENTINE

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PROTEUS

Then in dumb silence will I bury mine,For they are harsh, untuneable and bad.

PROTEUS

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VALENTINE

Is Silvia dead?

VALENTINE

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PROTEUS

No, Valentine.

PROTEUS

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VALENTINE

No Valentine, indeed, for sacred Silvia.Hath she forsworn me?

VALENTINE

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PROTEUS

No, Valentine.

PROTEUS

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VALENTINE

No Valentine, if Silvia have forsworn me.What is your news?

VALENTINE

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LANCE

Sir, there is a proclamation that you are vanished.

LANCE

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PROTEUS

That thou art banished—O, that's the news!—From hence, from Silvia and from me thy friend.

PROTEUS

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VALENTINE

O, I have fed upon this woe already,And now excess of it will make me surfeit.Doth Silvia know that I am banished?

VALENTINE

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PROTEUS

Ay, ay; and she hath offer'd to the doom— Which, unreversed, stands in effectual force— A sea of melting pearl, which some call tears: Those at her father's churlish feet she tender'd; With them, upon her knees, her humble self; Wringing her hands, whose whiteness so became them As if but now they waxed pale for woe: But neither bended knees, pure hands held up, Sad sighs, deep groans, nor silver-shedding tears, Could penetrate her uncompassionate sire; But Valentine, if he be ta'en, must die. Besides, her intercession chafed him so, When she for thy repeal was suppliant, That to close prison he commanded her, With many bitter threats of biding there.

PROTEUS

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VALENTINE

No more; unless the next word that thou speak'st Have some malignant power upon my life: If so, I pray thee, breathe it in mine ear, As ending anthem of my endless dolour.

VALENTINE

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PROTEUS

Cease to lament for that thou canst not help, And study help for that which thou lament'st. Time is the nurse and breeder of all good. Here if thou stay, thou canst not see thy love; Besides, thy staying will abridge thy life. Hope is a lover's staff; walk hence with that And manage it against despairing thoughts. Thy letters may be here, though thou art hence; Which, being writ to me, shall be deliver'd Even in the milk-white bosom of thy love. The time now serves not to expostulate: Come, I'll convey thee through the city-gate; And, ere I part with thee, confer at large Of all that may concern thy love-affairs. As thou lovest Silvia, though not for thyself, Regard thy danger, and along with me!

PROTEUS

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VALENTINE

I pray thee, Lance, an if thou seest my boy,Bid him make haste and meet me at the North-gate.

VALENTINE

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PROTEUS

Go, sirrah, find him out. Come, Valentine.

PROTEUS

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VALENTINE

O my dear Silvia! Hapless Valentine!

VALENTINE

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Exeunt VALENTINE and PROTEUS

LANCE

I am but a fool, look you; and yet I have the wit to think my master is a kind of a knave: but that's all one, if he be but one knave. He lives not now that knows me to be in love; yet I am in love; but a team of horse shall not pluck that from me; nor who 'tis I love; and yet 'tis a woman; but what woman, I will not tell myself; and yet 'tis a milkmaid; yet 'tis not a maid, for she hath had gossips; yet 'tis a maid, for she is her master's maid, and serves for wages. She hath more qualities than a water-spaniel; which is much in a bare Christian.

LANCE

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Pulling out a paper

LANCE

Here is the cate-log of her condition. 'Imprimis: She can fetch and carry.' Why, a horse can do no more: nay, a horse cannot fetch, but only carry; therefore is she better than a jade. 'Item: She can milk;' look you, a sweet virtue in a maid with clean hands.

LANCE

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Enter SPEED

SPEED

How now, Signior Lance! What news with yourmastership?

SPEED

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LANCE

With my master's ship? Why, it is at sea.

LANCE

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SPEED

Well, your old vice still; mistake the word. Whatnews, then, in your paper?

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt

LANCE

The blackest news that ever thou heardest.

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur a

SPEED

Why, man, how black?

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dol

LANCE

Why, as black as ink.

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolo

SPEED

Let me read them.

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit

LANCE

Fie on thee, jolt-head! Thou canst not read.

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, cons

SPEED

Thou liest; I can.

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dol

LANCE

I will try thee. Tell me this: who begot thee?

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adip

SPEED

Marry, the son of my grandfather.

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, c

LANCE

O illiterate loiterer! It was the son of thy grandmother: this proves that thou canst not read.

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur aLorem ipsum dLorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetu

SPEED

Come, fool, come; try me in thy paper.

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing e

LANCE

There; and St. Nicholas be thy speed!

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, Lorem ipsum Lorem ipsu

SPEED

[Reads] 'Imprimis: She can milk.'

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipi

LANCE

Ay, that she can.

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit

SPEED

'Item: She brews good ale.'

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetu

LANCE

And thereof comes the proverb: 'Blessing of yourheart, you brew good ale.'

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor inc

SPEED

'Item: She can sew.'

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, conse

LANCE

That's as much as to say, 'Can she so?'

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipis

SPEED

'Item: She can knit.'

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, con

LANCE

What need a man care for a stock with a wench, whenshe can knit him a stock?

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod te

SPEED

'Item: She can wash and scour.'

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur a

LANCE

A special virtue: for then she need not be washedand scoured.

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incidid

SPEED

'Item: She can spin.'

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetu

LANCE

Then may I set the world on wheels, when she canspin for her living.

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed

SPEED

'Item: She hath many nameless virtues.'

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit

LANCE

That's as much as to say, bastard virtues; that,indeed, know not their fathers and therefore have no names.

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.

SPEED

'Here follow her vices.'

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur

LANCE

Close at the heels of her virtues.

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consecte

SPEED

'Item: She is not to be kissed fasting in respectof her breath.'

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incidid

LANCE

Well, that fault may be mended with a breakfast. Read on.

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed

SPEED

'Item: She hath a sweet mouth.'

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur

LANCE

That makes amends for her sour breath.

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consec

SPEED

'Item: She doth talk in her sleep.'

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur a

LANCE

It's no matter for that, so she sleep not in her talk.

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do e

SPEED

'Item: She is slow in words.'

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur a

LANCE

O villain, that set this down among her vices! To be slow in words is a woman's only virtue: I pray thee, out with't, and place it for her chief virtue.

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adLorLorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, seLorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do L

SPEED

'Item: She is proud.'

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, cons

LANCE

Out with that too; it was Eve's legacy, and cannotbe ta'en from her.

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore ma

SPEED

'Item: She hath no teeth.'

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipi

LANCE

I care not for that neither, because I love crusts.

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do e

SPEED

'Item: She is curst.'

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetu

LANCE

Well, the best is, she hath no teeth to bite.

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisci

SPEED

'Item: She will often praise her liquor.'

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur ad

LANCE

If her liquor be good, she shall: if she will not, Iwill; for good things should be praised.

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolor

SPEED

'Item: She is too liberal.'

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur ad

LANCE

Of her tongue she cannot, for that's writ down she is slow of; of her purse she shall not, for that I'll keep shut: now, of another thing she may, and that cannot I help. Well, proceed.

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud eLorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur LoremLorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur a

SPEED

'Item: She hath more hair than wit, and more faultsthan hairs, and more wealth than faults.'

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et

LANCE

Stop there; I'll have her: she was mine, and not mine, twice or thrice in that last article. Rehearse that once more.

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolorLorem ipsum dolor s

SPEED

'Item: She hath more hair than wit,'—

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscin

LANCE

More hair than wit? It may be; I'll prove it. The cover of the salt hides the salt, and therefore it is more than the salt; the hair that covers the wit is more than the wit, for the greater hides the less. What's next?

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrudLorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolor

SPEED

'And more faults than hairs,'—

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur

LANCE

That's monstrous: O, that that were out!

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing eli

SPEED

'And more wealth than faults.'

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur

LANCE

Why, that word makes the faults gracious. Well,I'll have her; and if it be a match, as nothing isimpossible,—

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore

SPEED

What then?

SPEED

Lorem ipsu

LANCE

Why, then will I tell thee—that thy master staysfor thee at the North-gate.

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod

SPEED

For me?

SPEED

Lorem i

LaNCE

For thee! Ay, who art thou? He hath stayed for abetter man than thee.

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiu

SPEED

And must I go to him?

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit a

LANCE

Thou must run to him, for thou hast stayed so longthat going will scarce serve the turn.

LANCE

Lorem ipsLorLorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sLoremLorem ipsum dolor

SPEED

Why didst not tell me sooner? Pox of your love letters!

SPEED

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit,

Exit

LANCE

Now will he be swinged for reading my letter; anunmannerly slave, that will thrust himself intosecrets! I'll after, to rejoice in the boy's correction.

LANCE

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud ex

Exit

The two gentlemen of verona
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Nina romancikova
About the Translator: Nina Romancikova

Nina Romancikova is from Slovakia but her love of literature and theater has brought her to the UK and she has been living and studying there for the past six years. She graduated with a degree in English Literature and Language at University of Glasgow in 2016. Nina is now finishing her Masters in Shakespeare Studies at King's College London and is currently working as a Research Intern at Shakespeare's Globe.