Welcome to the LitCharts study guide on Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. Created by the original team behind SparkNotes, LitCharts are the world's best literature guides.
- Full Title: Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland (but often known by the shortened Alice in Wonderland)
- When Written: 1862-63
- Where Written: Oxford, England
- When Published: 26th November 1865
- Literary Period: Victorian England, soon to become the “Golden Age” of Children’s Literature
- Genre: Children’s story, Fantasy, Literary Nonsense, Adventure
- Setting: Wonderland, a dream world that Alice finds when she falls down a rabbit hole
- Climax: The trial of the Knave of Hearts, where all the strange creatures Alice has encountered assemble at the court of the nonsensically angry Queen of Hearts. To Alice's surprise, she becomes the crucial final witness
- Antagonist: The Queen of Hearts is the antagonist of Wonderland, with her ridiculous love of beheading, she reigns over her realm, representing the bossiness and silliness of the adult world.
- Point of View: A third-person narrator follows Alice through Wonderland, but also occasionally dips into the first person, when describing her thoughts, and also follows her sister’s thoughts in the final chapter
Night-writing. Carroll put his mathematical mind to inventions when he wasn’t writing. He invented a tool for writing at night, using a system of symbols in the corner of cardboard squares, so that he didn’t have to get up and light a candle.
Alice without Words. Alice in Wonderland has inspired many adaptations. Some artists have even challenged themselves to recreate Alice without the use of language that defines the novella, like the recent ballet from the English Royal Ballet, which uses choreography to recreate the atmosphere of wordplay without using words at all.