Dracula

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Lucy Westenra Character Analysis

Arthur's fiancée, Lucy is stricken by sleepwalking and then an unknown illness. As it turns out she is being stalked and her blood drunk by Dracula. Lucy is best friends with Mina, who wonders what is happening as Lucy begins to waste away and lose a great deal of blood. Lucy is treated by Seward and Van Helsing, though she later turns into a vampire, and must be killed "again" in her tomb by Arthur, Van Helsing, and the rest of the group.

Lucy Westenra Quotes in Dracula

The Dracula quotes below are all either spoken by Lucy Westenra or refer to Lucy Westenra. For each quote, you can also see the other characters and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one:
Writing, Journaling, and Messaging Theme Icon
). Note: all page and citation info for the quotes below refers to the Dover Publications edition of Dracula published in 2000.
Chapter 5 Quotes

I am very, very happy, and I don't know what I have done to deserve it. I must only try in the future to show that I am not ungrateful to God for all His goodness to me in sending to me such a lover, such a husband, such a friend.

Related Characters: Lucy Westenra (speaker), Arthur Holmwood
Page Number: 51
Explanation and Analysis:

Lucy is painted, at this point in the novel, as a model of purity, chastity, and "polite" female desire. She loves Arthur, and she claims that she will do anything for him - she is utterly devoted to him and believes herself lucky for having found so suitable a husband. With perhaps a touch of condescension, she tells her friend Mina that perhaps there is another man for her - Dr. Seward - although it is clear that Mina is committed to Harker, who is, at the time of this writing, still imprisoned in Dracula's castle.

Stoker takes pains to establish Lucy's purity in large part to undercut it later on. When Lucy is stalked by Dracula, and has her blood drunk at night, her behavior becomes impossible to predict. She blushes and appears more ravenous, more sexually and physically - more disposed to passionate fits that defy society's rules of female modesty. Stoker therefore uses Lucy as an example of what vampiric "infection" can do to even the most morally-upright of individuals. 

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Chapter 8 Quotes

She looks so sweet as she sleeps; but she is paler than is her wont, and there is a drawn, haggard look under her eyes which I do not like.

Related Characters: Mina Harker (speaker), Lucy Westenra
Page Number: 82
Explanation and Analysis:

Mina begins to notice a change in Lucy's demeanor. Lucy exhibits symptoms that would be similar to those of, say, someone sick with a serious illness (like consumption). Lucy has very little energy, she sleeps for long periods during the day, and she has difficulty holding down food and water.

But Lucy's ailment has another dimension, too. She leaves the house at night and goes out walking among the grasses and by the seashore. Lucy, too, seems to have no recollection of these events the next day. Further, Lucy has the signs of bitemarks on her neck. It is not clear what animal has put these marks there, and Lucy does not actively recall being bitten. But the idea that Lucy's "disease" has been transmitted through contact with another force is a powerful and persistent one in the novel. It will be borne out, later, when it is revealed that Dracula draws blood from the necks of his unsuspecting victims in an identical process. 

Chapter 11 Quotes

How good they all are to me. I quite love that dear Dr. Van Helsing. I wonder why he was so anxious about these (garlic) flowers. He positively frightened me, he was so fierce. . . . There is peace in its smell; I feel sleep coming already . . . .

Related Characters: Lucy Westenra (speaker), Abraham Van Helsing
Page Number: 114
Explanation and Analysis:

Lucy discusses, via her journal, how it feels to be protected by some of the supernatural charms Van Helsing and Seward have prepared for her. She does not necessarily understand their purpose, and in fact their presence is in some sense terrifying to her - because it points to something "beyond the normal," or beyond the medical, about her current situation. Lucy seems to understand that she is in the throes of no ordinary illness.

But, nevertheless, Lucy does what she can to soldier on despite the circumstances. She remains positive and, in her journal, thanks those around her for caring about her. Her confinement does nothing to alter her fundamental belief in God and in the goodness of people. She refuses to give in to the fear that surrounds her, even as she notes the concern on the faces of those charged with caring for her. Lucy achieves an almost saintly level of calm in this section of the novel - a state that will be horrifyingly contrasted with her violation by Dracula and her transformation into an un-dead being.

Chapter 12 Quotes

Once again we went through that ghastly operation. I have not the heart to go through with the details. Lucy had got a terrible shock and it told on her more than before, for though plenty of blood went into her veins, her body did not respond to the treatment as well as on the other occasions. . . .

Related Characters: Dr. Seward (speaker), Lucy Westenra
Related Symbols: Blood
Page Number: 128
Explanation and Analysis:

The operation that Dr. Seward describes involves what would, today, be termed a massive blood transfusion. The blood of "four strong men" is poured into Lucy - interestingly, this blood is not checked for blood type, perhaps because Seward and Van Helsing are unaware of the scientific existence of blood types at this point in medical history. Nevertheless, the transfusion itself seems to work manageably. What is more difficult, however, is the process of retaining this blood - Lucy seems to be "leeching" blood out, although no one is sure who is taking this blood from her.

At this point, the dramatic irony in the text becomes so overwhelming as to be almost unbearable. It is clear that Dracula, or one of his minions, is sucking the blood from Lucy, such that no amount of blood can replace it. But apart from Van Helsing, who has experience in the hunting of vampires, no other character in the novel is aware that Lucy is being preyed on in exactly this way. 

Chapter 14 Quotes

Now that you are willing to understand, you have taken the first step to understand. You think then that those so small holes in the children's throats were made by the same that made the hole in Miss Lucy?
I suppose so.
Then you are wrong . . . . It is worse, far, far worse.
In God's name, Professor Van Helsing, what do you mean?
They were made by Miss Lucy!

Related Characters: Abraham Van Helsing (speaker), Dr. Seward (speaker), Lucy Westenra
Related Symbols: Blood
Page Number: 165
Explanation and Analysis:

Van Helsing recognizes that Lucy's illness, already thought to be caused by a supernatural infection brought on by continued bites from Dracula, is worse that he initially imagined. It is not just that Lucy has been infected with the vampiric illness - she is now an active vampire herself, and she requires the blood of others to survive. Perhaps Van Helsing was aware that this was a possibility before meeting with Lucy in person, but now he is convinced that the vampiric illness is one that is spread through bites - and that those bitten become those that bite.

The symbolic influence of this form of infection is clear. Van Helsing and Seward recognize that Lucy is not just in danger herself - she, potentially, can also bring great harm to others. In this way, vampiric infection is similar to any other kind of transmissible disease, including venereal (sexually-transmitted) disease. Those who have been infected can transfer that infection to others - meaning that the disease must be stopped in its tracks, through finding the initial vector (Dracula) and through quarantining those infected (like Lucy). Furthermore, the "disease" is presented as a kind of perverse passion - previously, Lucy had been saintlike and pure, but now she has been corrupted by Dracula's sexually-tainted affliction, and so she holds that same unholy passion and lust for blood.

Chapter 16 Quotes

Come to me, Arthur. Leave these others and come to me. My arms are hungry for you. Come, and we can rest together. Come, my husband, come!

Related Characters: Lucy Westenra (speaker), Arthur Holmwood
Related Symbols: Blood
Page Number: 181
Explanation and Analysis:

Lucy, in her un-dead state, has become possessed not only with new "demonic" life. She is also more overtly sexual in her behavior. She has lost, in other words, the late-Victorian decorum that has characterized her behavior with Arthur for so long. She no longer observes the sexual mores of her time and place, no longer feels it necessary to comport herself like a modest lady.

This change is not coincidental. In Stoker's telling, Dracula not only takes the blood from those he attacks - he creates in them a thirst for blood itself, an unquenchable desire that can only be temporarily slaked through intimacy with another. Thus Lucy, when she beckons to Arthur, does not really wish to love him, or to engage in "appropriate" sexual relations with him - as she might have asked in private in her waking life. Instead, Lucy in her vampiric form uses this form of intimacy to attack Arthur, to attempt to drink his blood and therefore tap into his life essence. 

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Lucy Westenra Character Timeline in Dracula

The timeline below shows where the character Lucy Westenra appears in Dracula. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Chapter 5
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Letter from Miss Mina Murray to Miss Lucy Westenra, May 9. Mina, Harker's lover, writes to her friend Lucy, whom she will be... (full context)
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...a very quick letter from Harker, saying he has arrived at Castle Dracula. Mina asks Lucy for information about a tall, handsome suitor of Lucy's. (full context)
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Letter from Lucy to Mina (undated). Lucy tells Mina that she has fallen in love with the "tall,... (full context)
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Letter from Lucy to Mina, May 24. Lucy begins this letter by telling Mina that she has had... (full context)
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Later that evening, Lucy resumes her letter, and tells of the second suitor, a Texan named Quincey Morris, who... (full context)
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Lucy includes, as an addendum to her letter, the fact that she has accept Arthur's proposal,... (full context)
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...of the insane asylum, notes down that, as a way of remedying his sadness after Lucy's rejection of his offer of marriage, looks to his patients. He interviews one, a man... (full context)
Chapter 6
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...jumps forward; Mina has traveled to Whitby, on the northeastern coast of England, to meet Lucy, her friend, and to stay with Lucy and her mother in The Crescent, a resort... (full context)
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Mina Murray's Journal. August 1. Mina reports another conversation she and Lucy have with Mr. Swales, the old man she met previously above the harbor, and two... (full context)
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Swales, his friends, and Mina and Lucy walk through a graveyard nearby and look at names on the graves. Swales says graves... (full context)
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Mina's Journal. July 26. Mina writes that she is worried about two people: Jonathan and Lucy. Of Jonathan, Mina has received word from Hawkins—a one-line note saying he is leaving the... (full context)
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Mina's Journal. July 27. Mina has been looking after Lucy, whom she believes to be in stable condition, even though her sleepwalking has not completely... (full context)
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Mina's Journal. August 3. Mina notes that Lucy's sleepwalking is continuing, and that Jonathan still has not written. Mina is beginning to fear... (full context)
Chapter 7
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...entry dated before the arrival of the Demeter in the Whitby harbor. Mina reports that Lucy, still, is sleepwalking, and that Lucy's desire to sleepwalk seemed to increase the night of... (full context)
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Mina's Journal. August 10. Lucy and Mina attend the funeral service of the captain of the Demeter, held in the... (full context)
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Mina reports, also, that Lucy appears to be troubled by strange dreams, although Lucy will not say what these dreams... (full context)
Chapter 8
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Mina's Journal. August 10. 11 p.m. Mina reports that Lucy appears to be doing somewhat better—and she wonders, in her diary, what the "new woman"... (full context)
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Mina's Journal. August 11. Mina awakes to find that Lucy has sleepwalked out of the house—Mina follows her up to the cemetery, where she sees... (full context)
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Mina takes a pin and closes Lucy's nightgown at her throat, then half-carries, half-drags Lucy back to the house in Whitby, where... (full context)
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Later that day, at noon, Mina looks at Lucy, sleeping soundly, as sees that Lucy has a small cut and trickle of blood at... (full context)
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Mina believes, that evening, that Lucy has somewhat recovered her strength, although Lucy has been quiet. Mina wonders, again, where Jonathan... (full context)
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Mina's Journal. August 12. Mina is surprised to note that, in the night, Lucy tries, twice, to leave the locked bedchamber; but in the morning, Lucy appears healthy, and... (full context)
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Mina's Journal. August 13. Lucy, in her sleep (and without her knowledge), sits up and points to the window, where... (full context)
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Mina's Journal. August 14. Mina notes that Lucy appears to be longing for someone or something with "red eyes" in her sleep. Mina... (full context)
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Mina's Journal. August 15. Mrs. Westenra, Lucy's mother, confides in Mina this day that she (Mrs. Westenra) is quite ill, with... (full context)
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Mina's Journal. August 17. Lucy's condition has taken a turn for the worse. Although Lucy eats well and sleeps well,... (full context)
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Mina's Journal. August 18. Seated once again at the cemetery with Lucy, Mina asks her friend if Lucy dreamt at all during the strange sleepwalking night earlier... (full context)
Chapter 9
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Letter, Mina Harker to Lucy. August 24. Mina tells Lucy that Jonathan is in poor but stable condition in Budapest,... (full context)
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Mina closes her letter to Lucy by briefly describing the wedding ceremony, which is a bit solemn (taking place at Harker's... (full context)
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Letter from Lucy to Mina. August 30. Lucy writes a brief letter back to Mina, saying that she... (full context)
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Lucy's Diary. August 24. Lucy begins keeping a diary, and reports that she has left her... (full context)
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Lucy's Diary. August 25. Lucy reports, briefly, that she has terrible sleep and awful dreams, which... (full context)
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...31. Arthur asks Seward if he will come to lunch the next day and observe Lucy, without Lucy's knowing—Arthur understands that this could be difficult for Seward, since he was rejected... (full context)
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...his father has taken a turn for the worse, and so Seward is to visit Lucy without Arthur's presence, and to report to Arthur what he sees of Lucy's condition. (full context)
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Letter from Seward to Arthur. September 2. Seward reports that Lucy seemed well, but was only performing in front of Seward and her own mother—once she... (full context)
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...rooms at a hotel in London, and saying he will be happy to visit with Lucy and determine the cause of her distress. (full context)
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...to Arthur. September 3. Seward reports that Van Helsing has had an initial visit with Lucy, that Van Helsing agrees with Seward that Lucy has lost a good deal of blood... (full context)
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Telegram from Seward to Van Helsing. September 4. Seward reports that Lucy's condition seems to be improving. (full context)
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Telegram from Seward to Van Helsing. September 5. Seward reports, again, that Lucy appears even healthier, with a ruddy glow in her cheeks. (full context)
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Telegram from Seward to Van Helsing. September 6. In this message, however, Seward notes that Lucy has gotten much worse, and that Van Helsing must come immediately to look after her. (full context)
Chapter 10
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Letter from Seward to Arthur. Seward reports to Arthur that Lucy has taken a step backward, and that any sudden shock might be enough to kill... (full context)
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...Diary. September 7. Van Helsing tells Seward that he has some idea what is causing Lucy's illness, but he does not want to reveal that idea to Seward yet, as he... (full context)
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Van Helsing visits Lucy and sees that she has lost even more blood. Van Helsing determines that Lucy must... (full context)
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The transfusion is performed, and Lucy appears to be healthier for it. Seward and Van Helsing both notice the wound on... (full context)
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Before he leaves, Van Helsing asks Seward to look over Lucy all the night through, in case anything should "disturb" her. Seward does not understand what... (full context)
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Seward's Diary. September 8. Seward does observe Lucy as she sleeps, but before she goes to bed, she tells Seward that she does... (full context)
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Seward's Diary. September 9. Lucy, who says she is feeling much better, does not allow Seward to stay up all... (full context)
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Lucy's Diary. September 9. In her own diary, Lucy announces that she is feeling much better,... (full context)
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...Seward the next morning—he has returned from Amsterdam. The two go in to check on Lucy, who has taken another turn for the worse—she is more pale than ever, though Van... (full context)
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...has gathered a great deal of garlic flowers, a wreath of which he gives to Lucy to wear around her neck. Van Helsing also smears Lucy's bedroom with crushed garlic, and... (full context)
Chapter 11
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Lucy's Diary. September 12. Lucy writes briefly in her diary that, once again, she feels better,... (full context)
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...Diary. September 13. Seward picks up Van Helsing at his hotel, and they return to Lucy's home. There, they encounter Mrs. Westenra, who tells them that she has also helped Lucy's... (full context)
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Van Helsing proceeds to give some of Lucy his own blood—she has again lost some in the night, and looks more waxy and... (full context)
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Lucy's Diary. September 17. After four days, Lucy writes in her diary that she is again... (full context)
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...he will rest this evening, as Van Helsing has not asked him to tend to Lucy—who appears to be improving, based on the garlic treatments of her bedroom. (full context)
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...to go away for a day to Amsterdam, asks Seward to place fresh garlic in Lucy's room that night. (full context)
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...on his telegram, meaning it reached Seward a day late. Seward immediately travels to see Lucy, wondering how she has passed the night without the protection of the garlic. Seward curses... (full context)
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Memorandum left by Lucy. September 17. Night. Lucy has trouble sleeping the night of the 17th, without Van Helsing... (full context)
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...bedroom but jumps back outside—a misty pallor, filled with mesmerizing specks of light, enters, and Lucy's mother, shocked, points at the pallor and appears to fall into a fit. Lucy's mother,... (full context)
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Four maids come into the bedroom to see about the commotion—Lucy says that they ought to go back outside and have a drink of wine, since... (full context)
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Lucy takes this written account and folds it, placing it on her breast. She is still... (full context)
Chapter 12
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Seward's Diary. September 18. Seward arrives at Lucy's house that morning and finds he cannot get in—Van Helsing arrives just after, and the... (full context)
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In Lucy's bedroom they find Lucy and her mother in bed—the latter stone-dead, and the former on... (full context)
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After the bath, Seward and Van Helsing consult as to what to do with Lucy. When they turn around, they find that Morris has arrived—Arthur had sent him a telegram... (full context)
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...due time, he will explain to Seward. Morris draws Seward aside and reminds Seward that Lucy has had the blood of "four strong men" in her veins, in large quantities, but... (full context)
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Lucy finally wakes up after the transfusion, and seems to have survived, though she is in... (full context)
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Seward's Diary. September 19. Arthur arrives at Lucy's house and sees his fiancée in a severely weakened condition—although the transfusion helped, it seems... (full context)
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Letter from Mina to Lucy. September 17. (unread). Mina writes a letter to Lucy, since she has not heard from... (full context)
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Letter from Mina to Lucy. September 18. (unread). In another brief unread letter, Mina informs Lucy that Hawkins has died,... (full context)
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Seward's Diary. September 20. Morris, Arthur, Van Helsing, and Seward surround Lucy on the last night of her life. In the morning of the 20th, at dawn,... (full context)
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But as Arthur takes Lucy's hand, Van Helsing and Seward notice that Lucy's pallor has changed—she appears serene, and her... (full context)
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Then Lucy goes back into a gentle repose, and Seward and Van Helsing, the only two remaining... (full context)
Chapter 13
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Seward's Diary. September 20. (continued). Seward takes command of preparations for Lucy's funeral, as Arthur's father has also recently passed away, and he must take care of... (full context)
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...asks for surgical instruments from Seward for that night, since he wishes to cut off Lucy's head and cut out her heart. Seward is shocked and horrified to hear that Van... (full context)
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Arthur returns to the house after his father's funeral, and cannot believe that Lucy is really dead—he and Seward remark that she looks like she might only be sleeping.... (full context)
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Later that day, Mina receives a telegram from Van Helsing that Lucy and her mother have both died, and that the funeral occurred that day, the 22nd... (full context)
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...is finishing his diary—he reports that he, Van Helsing, Morris, and Arthur all attended to Lucy as she was placed in a marble mausoleum in a cemetery near her house; after... (full context)
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...Van Helsing goes "into hysterics," as Seward describes it, alternating between crying and laughing about Lucy's death, and the way she appeared so serene after death. Seward says he does not... (full context)
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...which describes how, of late, a "dark woman" or "dark lady" in the neighborhood of Lucy's cemetery appears to be grabbing children, taking them off for a time, and returning the... (full context)
Chapter 14
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...September 24. Van Helsing writes and introduces himself to Mina, saying that he has read Lucy's correspondence with Mina (with Arthur's and Seward's permission); Van Helsing asks to meet with Mina... (full context)
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...to Van Helsing. September 25. Mina agrees to meet Van Helsing that day to discuss Lucy and her death. (full context)
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Mina's Journal. September 25. That morning, Mina worries why Van Helsing wishes to discuss Lucy with her—Mina fears that she has done something negligent, which has allowed Lucy to sleepwalk... (full context)
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...to meet with Mina, who shares with the Professor her journal from the time of Lucy's illness. Van Helsing reads it quickly, thanks Mina profusely, and remarks that Mina has a... (full context)
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...that he is starting to write again, though he believed his diary was finished following Lucy's death. Seward says that Renfield appears to be somewhat "sane"; Seward is puzzled by this,... (full context)
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Van Helsing finally explains what he believes to have happened to Lucy—he asks whether Seward believes in "astral bodies, hypnotism," and other instances of occult and magical... (full context)
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...asks Seward to believe in his research and to work with him to track down Lucy, whom Van Helsing says is the "dark lady," and therefore responsible for the child abductions... (full context)
Chapter 15
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...that he tried, slowly, to convince Seward of the nature of what was occurring to Lucy—Van Helsing says, further, that Seward must trust him, that he (Van Helsing) has Lucy's best... (full context)
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Van Helsing and Seward go to the cemetery that evening to check on Lucy's tomb (she has been interred in a mausoleum above-ground). They both go into the tomb,... (full context)
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...the authorities, as they fear the police will believe they seek to rob or damage Lucy's grave. (full context)
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...through the night, then visit the grave the next afternoon. Van Helsing shows Seward that Lucy, in her tomb no (and "asleep," since she can only be "active" at night) is... (full context)
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Van Helsing says that, if he had his way, he would "truly kill" Lucy now—thus releasing her soul from vampire-dom. To do this, he would cut off Lucy's head... (full context)
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...says that he has left this note in case he disappears, or is attacked by Lucy, while performing the rituals designed to keep Lucy in her tomb. (full context)
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...is still in London), and Seward, in order to determine what must be done regarding Lucy in her tomb. Arthur begins the conversation by saying that he is willing to help... (full context)
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Van Helsing counters by saying that Lucy is Un-Dead—a vampire herself, hovering between life and death, capable of moving only at night,... (full context)
Chapter 16
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Seward's Diary. September 29. (continued). The four go to Lucy's tomb that day around midnight. Before they open the tomb, Van Helsing asks Seward to... (full context)
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Suddenly, Lucy, in Un-Dead form, appears, moving towards the group as they assemble just outside the door... (full context)
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Van Helsing asks Arthur whether they may go ahead with their plan—releasing Lucy from her vampiric state—and Arthur, in shock at Lucy's Un-Deadness, agrees readily. Van Helsing takes... (full context)
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...29. Night. The next night, the group once again gathers in the cemetery and visits Lucy's tomb. She has been "kept inside" by the garlic-and-host which line the cracks and crevices... (full context)
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Van Helsing then quickly cuts off Lucy's head, leaving it also in the casket, and stuffs Lucy's mouth with garlic, to ensure... (full context)
Chapter 17
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...and Jonathan's diaries to read, to learn more about their histories with Dracula and with Lucy's sleepwalking. Seward meets Mina at the train station and brings her to speak with Van... (full context)
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...diary and add it to the typed transcripts she has of her own letters with Lucy, and her diary and Jonathan's. Seward readily agrees to this, and Mina begins her work. (full context)
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...is now reading. She swoons a bit, out of sadness and fear, in reading about Lucy's "first" and "true" deaths, but Seward comes in to give her brandy, which clears her... (full context)
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...in the office, while the others are out of the room—Arthur begins to weep about Lucy's death, since he knows Lucy and Mina were close friends; Mina, somewhat surprised by the... (full context)
Chapter 18
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...no reflection—as observed by Harker—and can slip through difficult spaces once invited into them, as Lucy did while entering her own tomb (once the garlic-and-host were removed). Van Helsing says that... (full context)
Chapter 23
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...fight the five men for a long time; and that he "already" has possession of Lucy and Mina, the women of the group. (full context)
Chapter 24
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...off her head. Seward is horrified by this, once again, but after the interaction with Lucy, he knows Van Helsing is telling the truth, and agrees to do this, if needed. (full context)