Inferno

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The Journey Symbol Analysis

The Journey Symbol Icon
Dante's poem is heavily allegorical, which means that there are countless individual, minor symbols throughout the text that stand for larger ideas. However, one major symbol that recurs throughout the poem is the idea of the journey. The first line of the poem compares Dante's life to a road or path which Dante is halfway through. Thus, when Dante strays from the right path in the beginning of Canto 1, he has symbolically strayed from the right kind of life. His journey with Virgil through hell is both a physical journey toward heaven and a more allegorical journey of spiritual progress toward God and away from sin. Throughout hell, Dante often lingers to talk to souls or is delayed because of his pity and fear. When Virgil repeatedly encourages him to stay on the course of their journey, he is also, in a sense, telling Dante not to stray from virtuousness. Similarly, the various impediments that threaten to halt Dante's journey are not just physical barriers, but can be seen as agents of hell that threaten to keep Dante from a pious life. Dante's purposeful journey toward the destination of heaven can be contrasted with the aimless wandering and back-and-forth movement of many damned souls in hell. They have completely lost the path of righteousness and literally have no direction in the afterlife. Dante, by contrast, has the ultimate goal of heaven, which gives a purpose and direction to his wandering.
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The Journey Symbol Timeline in Inferno

The timeline below shows where the symbol The Journey appears in Inferno. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Canto 1
Sin, Justice, Pity and Piety Theme Icon
Individual Fame Theme Icon
This World vs. the Afterlife Theme Icon
...life, Dante wakes up in a dark forest, having lost his way from the right road. He does not know how he strayed from the road or how he arrived in... (full context)
Sin, Justice, Pity and Piety Theme Icon
...the mountain by wild beasts, and Virgil informs him that he must take a different path. He says that the wolf prevents anyone from passing, and will continue to do so... (full context)
Sin, Justice, Pity and Piety Theme Icon
Paganism vs. Christianity Theme Icon
This World vs. the Afterlife Theme Icon
Virgil says he will guide Dante on his journey. He says Dante will go through a terrible place with souls in torment, after which... (full context)
Canto 2
Sin, Justice, Pity and Piety Theme Icon
Paganism vs. Christianity Theme Icon
Individual Fame Theme Icon
Language Theme Icon
It is now evening, as Dante begins his journey. As narrator, Dante invokes the muses and the personification of memory to help him recall... (full context)
Language Theme Icon
...blossoms in light. Dante says that he is now eager and resolved to begin his journey. He starts on the path, following behind his trusty guide Virgil. (full context)
Canto 3
This World vs. the Afterlife Theme Icon
Language Theme Icon
...refusing to ferry across a living man. He tells Dante that this is not his path. But Virgil tells Charon that it is God's will for Dante to pass through hell... (full context)
Sin, Justice, Pity and Piety Theme Icon
...wrath, and that it is thus good that Charon told Dante this is not his path, as good souls do not come this way. Suddenly, there is a great earthquake, and... (full context)
Canto 7
Paganism vs. Christianity Theme Icon
Language Theme Icon
...Roman mythology), who is hailing Satan. Virgil assures Dante that Pluto will not halt their journey, and he shouts at Pluto, telling him that it is willed by God for Virgil... (full context)
Paganism vs. Christianity Theme Icon
...Fortune does not hear their curses. Virgil tells Dante that they should continue on their journey. (full context)
Canto 8
This World vs. the Afterlife Theme Icon
Language Theme Icon
...tells him not to worry and assures him that nothing can stop their divinely willed journey, and that he will not leave Dante alone. (full context)
Canto 9
Sin, Justice, Pity and Piety Theme Icon
...are "heresiarchs", leaders of heretical sects and their followers. The two poets continue on their journey, walking past the blazing tombs. (full context)