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Glass Symbol Icon
At the beginning of Ishmael, the narrator and Ishmael speak to one another with a glass window in between them. It’s only much later, when Ishmael sits on the same side of the glass as the narrator, that the narrator realizes how profoundly this glass window has influenced his relationship with Ishmael. The glass window symbolizes distance: not only the distance between Ishmael and the narrator, but between the narrator’s desire to change the world and his pessimistic habits. During his first lessons with Ishmael, the narrator has a difficult time showing enthusiasm for the complicated conclusions and daring theories that Ishmael proposes. Thanks to the glass separating them, every word Ishmael speaks is accompanied by a kind of asterisk. Even if he can’t disagree with Ishmael, the narrator can’t muster the energy to take Ishmael seriously and agree with him whole-heartedly—in the back of his mind, he’s thinking, “True, but you’re just a gorilla.” As the narrator grows closer with Ishmael, he stops seeing Ishmael as a lurid spectacle and begins to accept him as a friend and a teacher. Thus, the glass window between them disappears.
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Glass Symbol Timeline in Ishmael

The timeline below shows where the symbol Glass appears in Ishmael. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Chapter 1
Education, Teaching, and Prophets Theme Icon
Interconnectedness Theme Icon
Fiction, Storytelling, and Truth Theme Icon
Imprisonment Theme Icon
Humans, the Environment, and Extinction Theme Icon
Just as he is about to leave, the narrator notices a glass window at the far end of the room. Peering into the window, he is surprised to... (full context)
Chapter 9
Education, Teaching, and Prophets Theme Icon
Interconnectedness Theme Icon
Imprisonment Theme Icon, he’s surprised to see Ishmael waiting for him on the other side of the glass window (the narrator’s side now), sitting on some cushions. This sight makes the narrator realize how... (full context)