The play’s title derives from one of Jesus’s biblical sayings: “Judge not, that ye be not judged. For with that judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged: and with what measure you meet, it shall be measured unto you again.
” (Matthew 7:1-2). The sense of this quote—and the moral of the play—boil down to a warning that everyone should, when judging others, be mindful of his or her own sins. After all, the fates of Lucio
illustrate that those who try to obscure personal faults by judging others harshly end up paying full “measure” for their misconduct.