The Diary of Anne Frank

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Daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Frank, Margot's younger sister, and (eventually, and for a time) Peter van Daan's girlfriend. Born in Germany, Anne immigrated to Holland with her family at the age of four. She begins writing her diary on her 13th birthday, and continues writing it for the next two years. Outwardly, Anne is spunky, flirty, and witty. Inside, however, Anne feels that she harbors a "second Anne" – one that's more quiet and serious than her chatty exterior might lead others to believe. Anne has dreams of becoming a journalist once the war is over, and she hopes to publish her diary as a book.

Anne Frank Quotes in The Diary of Anne Frank

The The Diary of Anne Frank quotes below are all either spoken by Anne Frank or refer to Anne Frank. For each quote, you can also see the other characters and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one:
Inner Self, Outer Self, and Isolation Theme Icon
). Note: all page and citation info for the quotes below refers to the Doubleday edition of The Diary of Anne Frank published in 1995.
Year 1942 Quotes

Writing in a diary is a really strange experience for someone like me. Not only because I've never written anything before, but also because it seems to me that later on neither I nor anyone else will be interested in the musings of a thirteen-year-old schoolgirl. Oh well, it doesn't matter. I feel like writing, and I have an even greater need to get all kinds of things off my chest.

Related Characters: Anne Frank (speaker)
Page Number: 6
Explanation and Analysis:
Shortly after beginning her diary with entries about her birthday, on Saturday, June 20th, 1942, Anne Frank reflects on this process of diary writing. Her comments strike with tragic irony; millions will indeed find her musings important and interesting because they will become the most poignant voice of the Holocaust for later generations. Anne may indeed only be a "thirteen-year-old schoolgirl," but she will later become a voice for so many individuals who will die without the ability to share their final thoughts or words. With such an innocent opening to her diary, Anne first introduces herself as the naive narrator she initially will be.

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…on the surface, I seem to have everything, except my one true friend.

Related Characters: Anne Frank (speaker)
Page Number: 6
Explanation and Analysis:

As Anne Frank continues to detail her family's pleasant, plain life, she mentions the many worldly gifts she possesses: material trifles, a comfortable home, boy admirers, a nice family, and classmates she can call friends. Yet, Anne claims to lack a "one true friend" -- she experiences isolation within her otherwise charming existence because she cannot share her deepest, most private thoughts with another. Even at the beginning of this diary, we begin to see larger themes -- societal roles versus personal identities, secrecy versus disclosure -- that will become more emotionally charged as Anne's life progresses, and will even become associated with matters of life and death.

Not being able to go outside upsets me more than I can say, and I'm terrified our hiding place will be discovered and that we'll be shot. That, of course, is a fairly dismal prospect.

Related Characters: Anne Frank (speaker)
Page Number: 28
Explanation and Analysis:

Anne and her family have now confined themselves in hiding within the "Secret Annexe," trying to escape being arrested or killed for their Jewish identity. At this point the plot becomes more fraught with danger and fear, but Anne's tone of voice takes time to catch up; for instance, being discovered and shot is merely "a fairly dismal prospect," not a possibility that she seems to have really accepted yet. Anne's shock comes through her writing -- she mentions that she is terrified and upset, yet these feelings are still inexpressible (she feels "more than I can say"). This suggests how intimate diary writings can be: they do not only reveal what happens to the writer through the writer's explicit words, but they also reveal the writer's emotional states through what the writer does not say. 

I don't fit in with them, and I've felt that clearly in the last few weeks. They're so sentimental together, but I'd rather be sentimental on my own. They're always saying how nice it is with the four of us, and that we get along so well, without giving a moment's thought to the fact that I don't feel that way.

Related Characters: Anne Frank (speaker), Kitty, Otto Frank ("Pim"), Edith Frank
Page Number: 29
Explanation and Analysis:

On a Sunday in mid-July, Anne reflects on the petty difficulties which distance herself from other members of her family. She feels that her mother treats her differently than her sister Margot; her mother is more likely to fight or disagree with Anne when Anne does simple actions like rewriting words on her mother's shopping list. (Of course, we don't see any of the other family members' perspectives, and it may be that the parents saying "how nice" it is for them to all be together is an attempt to put a brave face on a deadly situation.)

In the cramped space of the annex, Anne feels more isolated than ever; here, all of the aspects which emotionally separate her from her family members are magnified and exaggerated. Anne is more together with her family than she has ever been before, yet this leads to her feeling more alone. At the same time, she is obviously going through her teenage years while in these extraordinary circumstances, and so feels a teenager's typical angst that her family doesn't understand her -- all while she's trapped with them in a small space. As the narrative continues, we will also see how such physical closeness leads to more emotional distance and confrontation.

I think it's odd that grown-ups quarrel so easily and so often and about such petty matters. Up till now I always thought bickering was just something children did and that they outgrew it.

Related Characters: Anne Frank (speaker), Otto Frank ("Pim"), Edith Frank, Hermaan van Daan, Petronella van Daan
Page Number: 44
Explanation and Analysis:

Much of Anne's descriptions of daily life in the Secret Annexe in late September are riddled with fights between various inhabitants of this confined space. For example, on September 27, Anne mentions quarrels between her and her mother, her and her sister Margot, and her and Mrs. Van Daans. The following day, Anne begins by claiming she has another quarrel to describe, but then inserts a lengthy reflection about the unspoken similarities between adults and children and the overwhelmingly "petty" nature of so many disagreements. This meditation exemplifies Anne's uncanny maturity; she is barely an adolescent, but she accurately finds flaws in the interactions among adults. Her diary addresses universal yet petty human conflicts, as well as the Holocaust, one of recent history's greatest tragedies.

Fine specimens of humanity, those Germans, and to think I'm actually one of them! No, that's not true, Hitler took away our nationality long ago. And besides, there are no greater enemies on earth than the Germans and the Jews.

Related Characters: Anne Frank (speaker)
Page Number: 55
Explanation and Analysis:

On one day in October, Anne only shares "dismal and depressing news" about the outside world with her diary. She describes recent events in detail: Jewish individuals in the Netherlands are being taken to concentration camps (or, in Anne's words, Jewish camps), prisoners are being murdered through gassing, and the papers report hostages' deaths as "fatal accidents." These events all point to the maliciousness of the German people and the Nazi regime, but they inspire Anne to sarcasm (as she writes "Fine specimens of humanity, those Germans"). This demonstrates how Anne's diary gives her agency in an otherwise powerless position; she cannot change the events that occur outside of her individual existence, but she can at least shape the way in which she responds to them. She cannot even control her identity: the Germans took her nationality away from her by rejecting her, along with the broader Jewish community. Of course, the Germans are killing the Jewish people as well as rejecting them, which leads Anne to claim that there are "no greater enemies on Earth" than the Jews and the Germans. She is seemingly being partly sarcastic here, as it is only through Nazi propaganda that this idea became so widespread (otherwise, German Jews would just be Germans), but her words have also become deadly accurate, summarizing the unique horror of World War II.

Now that I'm rereading my diary after a year and a half, I'm surprised at my childish innocence. Deep down I know I could never be that innocent again, however much I'd like to be.

Related Characters: Anne Frank (speaker)
Page Number: 60
Explanation and Analysis:

Anne's diary is a structurally unusual text in that its narrator can (and does) read and reflect on earlier moments of the narrative as it continues, but she doesn't revise the earlier text. Anne's voice is self-conscious as it attains greater maturity and loses its devotion to little charms such as the presents which occupied the diary's first entry. Instead of desiring new possessions or relationships, Anne begins to simply long for her former way of life, and the innocence that accompanied it -- and as she describes this longing, she directly defines the naïveté that pervaded the earliest entries of this diary.

Oh, I'm becoming so sensible! We've got to be reasonable about everything we do here….I'm afraid my common sense, which was in short supply to begin with, will be used up too quickly and I won't have any left by the time the war is over.

Related Characters: Anne Frank (speaker)
Page Number: 79
Explanation and Analysis:

Within her last entry from 1942, Anne describes how she must resist engaging in pranks that might offend Dussel, the man sharing her bedroom. Although she desires to disconnect the lamp or hide his clothes, for instance, she knows that such endeavors would merely aggravate him and stir up trouble within the confined Secret Annexe. As Anne maturely chooses to "keep the peace," she notices another change in herself (continuing her self-consciousness about her self-improvement): she is transforming into a more sensible individual, who focuses on her societal context as well as her inner impulses. We still, however, see the same cheery wit that caused her to describe her discovery and death as "a fairly dismal prospect"; she cheekily comments that she won't have any sensibleness left after the war ends. Anne maintains her wit and reveals her hope that the war will end.

Year 1943 Quotes

Sometimes I think God is trying to test me, both now and in the future. I'll have to become a good person on my own, without anyone to serve as a model or advise me, but it'll make me stronger in the end.

Related Characters: Anne Frank (speaker)
Page Number: 142
Explanation and Analysis:

Although these statements melodramatically follow a description of her parents' failings, they suggest how Anne's diary does thematically center on suffering: it details one girl's psychological suffering inside a confined, stifling space, foreshadows that girl's now famous experience of suffering and death in a concentration camp, and is understood as a representation of the suffering of the entire Jewish people during World War II. Yet, the diary also places the topic of suffering within the notions of growing up and facing isolation. Does Anne suffer so that she can develop as a person and become sympathetic and stronger? Is she placed in a setting without role models as a test, so she can improve more fundamentally, on her own? Anne raises these questions but cannot answer them, just as the broader Jewish community cannot answer a more tragic series of questions about why a supposedly benevolent God would allow them to experience such suffering and isolation from the rest of European society.

I could spend hours telling you about the suffering the war has brought, but I'd only make myself more miserable. All we can do is wait, as calmly as possible, for it to end. Jews and Christians alike are waiting, the whole world is waiting, and many are waiting for death.

Related Characters: Anne Frank (speaker)
Page Number: 80
Explanation and Analysis:

Anne's first entry from 1943 begins on a foreboding note: "Everything has upset me again this morning." Anne informs her reader of the horrors happening outside her enclosure and mentions that she actually harbors gratitude for being so isolated from these terrible events. She then ends by alluding to the impossibility of her describing all that is occurring. In the face of so much horror, all "we" (the undefined community which Anne references) can do is "wait," caught between the extremes of hope and fear. As Anne closes here, she adopts the eloquent tone that makes her seem prophetic, like the voice of an era.

My mind boggles at the profanity this honorable house has had to endure in the past month…To tell you the truth, I sometimes forget who we're at odds with and who we're not.

Related Characters: Anne Frank (speaker)
Page Number: 137
Explanation and Analysis:

In October of 1943, Anne pauses to reflect on the sheer quantity of arguing that occurs in the annex (as much as she can reflect on it when it "boggles" her mind). Inhabitants walk around with physical signs of agitation -- pursed lips, red cheeks -- and experience insomnia and headaches because there is so often conflict. Apparently, it even becomes difficult to recall who is fighting with whom at any given time. This reinforces the unnecessary nature of these conflicts -- and all human conflicts, including the conflict between the Germans, the Jews, and the Allies which so structures this narrative.

I simply can't imagine the world will ever be normal again for us. I do talk about "after the war," but it's as if I were talking about a castle in the air, something that can never come true.

Related Characters: Anne Frank (speaker)
Page Number: 145
Explanation and Analysis:

One Monday evening in November, when Anne is experiencing a self-described state of depression, she Describes her nocturnal visions and dreams -- nightmares of solitary dungeon confinement, or flames in the "Secret Annexe," or (the eventual reality of) a time when "they" come and take the annex inhabitants away. This description has an eerie element of foreshadowing, and immediately after Anne describes how the annex's inhabitants may be discovered and removed, she says she feels that this will actually be "taking place ... Very soon." Anne's described lack of visions are just as telling as the visions she sees; Amne cannot imagine a life after the war. With unsettling accuracy, Anne foretells that, for her, such dreams are like a mere "castle in the air."

I see the eight of us in the Annex as if we were a patch of blue sky surrounded by menacing black clouds. The perfectly round spot on which we're standing is still safe, but the clouds are moving in on us, and the ring between us and the approaching danger is being pulled tighter and tighter. We're surrounded by darkness and danger, and in our desperate search for a way out we keep bumping into each other. We look at the fighting down below and the peace and beauty up above. In the meantime, we've been cut off by the dark mass of clouds, so that we can go neither up nor down. It looms before us like an impenetrable wall, trying to crush us, but not yet able to. I can only cry out and implore, "Oh ring, ring, open wide and let us out!"

Related Characters: Anne Frank (speaker)
Page Number: 145
Explanation and Analysis:

After Anne describes how a life after the war is like a "castle in the air" for herself, she expands her vision to include the other members of the annex community as well. This passage's imaginary nature adds to the tragic pathos; the idyllic description is far removed from reality, just as members of the annex are hopelessly removed from participation in society. Anne's vision might be spurred from feelings of depression or emptiness, but they reveal how her imagination is enlivened by the imposed interiority of her experience and her unfortunate circumstances. In passages such as these, Anne's diary serves as a testament to the human spirit.

I sometimes wonder if anyone…will ever overlook my ingratitude and not worry about whether or not I'm Jewish and merely see me as a teenager badly in need of some good plain fun.

Related Characters: Anne Frank (speaker)
Page Number: 154
Explanation and Analysis:

On Christmas Eve of 1943, Anne indulges in a behavior she believes is "ungrateful": complaining about lacking the amusements and everyday activities which other teenagers such as Jopie are able to experience. She writes again of the specific features of a teenager's fun -- bicycles, dancing, whistling, tea -- and cherishes them in their absence. Here, she also focuses on the future, even wondering what future individuals might think of her writing as she ponders how her thoughts might seem ungrateful to other people. This hesitancy to appear and be ungrateful of what she does possess suggests Anne's continued personal growth, as well the increase of her hardships.

Year 1944 Quotes

The period of tearfully passing judgment on Mother is over. I've grown wiser and Mother's nerves are a bit steadier. Most of the time I manage to hold my tongue when I'm annoyed, and she does too; so on the surface, we seem to be getting along better. But there's one thing I can't do, and that's to love Mother with the devotion of a child.

Related Characters: Anne Frank (speaker), Edith Frank
Page Number: 159
Explanation and Analysis:

After consuming so many of her entries with complaints about her mother's faults, and even a refusal to pray alongside her mother at night, Anne describes how both she and her mother have changed during their residence in the annex. Anne is "wiser," but her mother is only "steadier"; Anne is still slightly favoring her own perspective over that of her mother. Yet Anne also further builds on this narrative contrast between interior and exterior lives. "On the surface," she and her mother have improved, as Anne redefines. Actually, Anne and her mother still lack the internal relationship a mother and daughter should have. Anne's stubbornness (which makes her such an inspirational individual) also affects her ability to truly feel "devotion" to her mother.

Which of the people here would suspect that so much is going on in the mind of a teenage girl?

Related Characters: Anne Frank (speaker)
Page Number: 169
Explanation and Analysis:

On January 12th of 1944, Anne details her new "dance and ballet craze" and describes that her mother has been reading a book which supposedly treats adolescent issues very well. Anne ironically comments that her mother might take more interest in the adolescent issues of her own daughters. Anne has never felt close to her mother, who always seemed to give snappy retorts in response to to her efforts to chat and be pleasant. Now, though, Anne thinks she has a savior: Peter, the object of her adolescent affections and lusts. Anne wonders who would suspect that so much is going on within her mind. This is also ironic, although Anne may not know it, because most adolescents go through the same issues -- frustrating relationships with parents, exciting first loves, and feelings that they think no one else suspects or understands. Yet not many adolescents can describe their experiences with Anne's wit, clarity, and wisdom. 

I think spring is inside me. I feel spring awakening, I feel it in my entire body and soul. I have to force myself to act normally. I'm in a state of utter confusion, don't know what to read, what to write, what to do. I only know I'm longing for something…

Related Characters: Anne Frank (speaker)
Related Symbols: Hanneli Goslar
Page Number: 187
Explanation and Analysis:

One Saturday in February, Anne has a longing -- perhaps to go outside, or to at least feel it be spring outside in a few weeks. Perhaps she wishes more than usual for the war to be over. In two days, though, this amorphous longing will be partially appeased when her connection with Peter begins to enliven. This suggests that, maybe, Anne's unexplained longing here exists because she believes that Peter is interested in Margot, and she is feeling the longings of a typical adolescent girl who is thinking about a boy. This young romance inserts a fresh dimension into the narrative, which is surprising in a story often so overshadowed by death.

The best remedy for those who are frightened, lonely or unhappy is to go outside, somewhere they can be alone, alone with the sky, nature and God. For then and only then can you feel that everything is as it should be and that God wants people to be happy amid nature's beauty and simplicity.

Related Characters: Anne Frank (speaker)
Page Number: 197
Explanation and Analysis:

One Wednesday in February, Anne describes how she goes up to the attic every morning, to watch Peter work and to look up at the sky. She details one particular morning, when she realized that she would feel happy as long as such nature endures. Anne then moves beyond her personal reflection, to advocate that all individuals can harness nature as a solace for their various distresses. This passage has become one of Anne's most famous statements because of its universal appeal and relevance. It demonstrates Anne's developing, precocious wisdom and hope in the face of despair, even if this beautiful sentiment might have been partly inspired by her youthful admiration for Peter.

Riches, prestige, everything can be lost. But the happiness in your own heart can only be dimmed; it will always be there, as long as you live, to make you happy again.

Related Characters: Anne Frank (speaker)
Page Number: 198
Explanation and Analysis:

Anne adds a PS to a diary entry from late February 1944, dedicating this addendum "To Peter." Anne describes how this morning she felt a brilliant burst of happiness, when she was "just plain happy," while simply looking outside of the window. She realized that people carry such happiness within themselves, and that this bliss does not depend on external circumstances. It can be "dimmed," it can be diminished, but it always exists within one's inner self. This epitomizes Anne's unusual amount of consciousness about the human experience; she seems to realize lessons about mindfulness usually only attained through great age, experience, or religious/mystical insight.

The narrative in the diary has also been preoccupied by the contrast between inner and outer selves, interior and exterior spaces, and here Anne inserts an element of hope into this binary. Because each individual has an internal as well as external self, every person has an intrinsic ability to feel and maintain happiness in their secret inner life, according to Anne's wise pondering.

Every day I feel myself maturing, I feel liberation drawing near, I feel the beauty of nature and the goodness of the people around me. Every day I think what a fascinating and amusing adventure this is! With all that, why should I despair?

Related Characters: Anne Frank (speaker)
Page Number: 282
Explanation and Analysis:

Anne advocates that humanity must undergo a transformation, a "metamorphosis" -- all people (not merely politicians and soldiers, but also every common person) must change so that events such as the Holocaust never occur again. Anne then narrows her scope to her own current transformation, and as she describes her adolescent maturation, she describes it like a blossoming part of nature. She credits this attitude to her own characteristics -- her "happiness," "cheerful disposition," and "strength," and suggests that her intentionally optimistic outlook allows her to interpret the events and people surrounding her in more positive ways, which allow her to then undergo further growth. Inner personality and positive outcomes are mutually reinforcing, according to the perspective which Anne advocates -- a perspective made all the more powerful because of the circumstances in which she reaches this conclusion.   

The world's been turned upside down. The most decent people are being sent to concentration camps, prisons and lonely cells, while the lowest of the low rule over young and old, rich and poor. One gets caught for black marketeering, another for hiding Jews or other unfortunate souls. Unless you're a Nazi, you don't know what's going to happen to you from one day to the next.

Related Characters: Anne Frank (speaker)
Page Number: 305
Explanation and Analysis:

On May 25th, Anne and the rest of the annex's inhabitants learn that Mr. van Hoeven has been arrested for hiding two Jewish people in his house. This unfortunate news compounds with all of the other horrors happening nowadays, inspiring Anne to notice that the entire world is "upside down" -- normal balances are so shifted that only Nazis (she assumes) can know what will occur in the future. The world's normal binaries are complicated and upset, as the good are punished despite their (and often for their) selfless intentions. Virtuous actions require the individual courage to contradict the immoral rules currently presiding over German society.

I'm becoming more and more independent of my parents. Young as I am, I face life with more courage and have a better and truer sense of justice than Mother. I know what I want, I have a goal, I have opinions, a religion and love. If only I can be myself, I'll be satisfied. I know that I'm a woman with inner strength and a great deal of courage!

Related Characters: Anne Frank (speaker), Otto Frank ("Pim"), Edith Frank
Page Number: 263
Explanation and Analysis:

Although Anne's diary is subtitled "the Diary of a Young Girl" in its published form, here Anne defines herself as a woman. Anne certainly had grown in the narrative up to this point, and produced some of her maturest and most famous reflections about life in general, but here she unconsciously reveals her continuing bit of immaturity as she faults her mother (yet again) in comparison with herself. Of course, this is a more indirect way of criticizing (by calling herself superior), but it continues the conflict between mother and daughter which has pervaded the narrative so far.

How noble and good everyone could be if, at the end of each day, they were to review their own behavior and weigh up the rights and wrongs. They would automatically try to do better at the start of each new day and, after a while, would certainly accomplish a great deal. Everyone is welcome to this prescription; it costs nothing and is definitely useful. Those who don't know will have to find out by experience that "a quiet conscience gives you strength!"

Related Characters: Anne Frank (speaker)
Page Number: 326
Explanation and Analysis:

During July 6th of 1944, Anne describes how Peter is beginning to emotionally depend and "lean" on her, against her wishes. Peter is a "poor body" who is spiritually lost, emotionally searching, and lacking confidence about his own abilities. Anne reflects that religious beliefs can help individuals stay on their "right path," not out of fear of God but rather out of paying attention to their own inner conscience. She then introduces and advocates for her own sort of spiritual practice: a daily examination of conscience about one's behavior that day, one's "rights and wrongs." Like most of Anne's suggestions, this is universal to the human experience and is unrelated to social processes such as economy, politics, and reputation. Removed as she is from much of society, Anne chooses to focus on internal experience. 

It's utterly impossible for me to build my life on a foundation of chaos, suffering, and death. I see the world being slowly transformed into a wilderness, I hear the approaching thunder that, one day, will destroy us too, I feel the suffering of millions. And yet, when I look up at the sky, I somehow feel that everything will change for the better, that this cruelty too shall end, that peace and tranquility will return once more. In the meantime, I must hold onto my ideals. Perhaps the day will come when I'll be able to realize them!

Related Characters: Anne Frank (speaker)
Page Number: 333
Explanation and Analysis:

This is one of Anne's most famous passages. She writes it in the middle of July 1944, less than a month before she and the other members of the annex are discovered. With these words, she connects the individual narrative of her life with "the suffering of millions," a suffering she observes as a penetrating and compassionate witness to the interior experiences that occur in all of humanity, even the humanity outside of her enclosure's walls. She also frames her words in the lexicon of nature; we get the sense that she is stunningly connected to the natural world, although (or perhaps because) she is so entirely severed from it during her daily experience. She reaches a depth of understanding that few can reach amid the distraction and tumult of the world outside, although the wisdom she provides us does not make the sacrifice of her life any less tragic.

So the nice Anne is never seen in company. She's never made a single appearance, though she almost always takes the stage when I'm alone. I know exactly how I'd like to be, how I am…on the inside. But unfortunately I'm only like that with myself. And perhaps that's why – no, I'm sure it's the reason why – I think of myself as happy on the inside and other people think I'm happy on the outside. I'm guided by the pure Anne within, but on the outside I'm nothing but a frolicsome little goat tugging at its tether.

Related Characters: Anne Frank (speaker)
Page Number: 336
Explanation and Analysis:

In this, a part of Anne's last diary entry, on August 1, 1944, Anne explains how and why her inner, better self remains unknown to her family and fellow annex inhabitants. She seems to be a "flirt," a "know-all," a "reader of love stories," a person who is confident and sure, but internally she is much deeper, far more reflective and sentimental. She wants others to find out about this secret self, just as she always fears that others will find about her secret location within the annex. In the near and distant futures, both of these secrets will become horribly famous.

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Anne Frank Character Timeline in The Diary of Anne Frank

The timeline below shows where the character Anne Frank appears in The Diary of Anne Frank. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Year 1942
Inner Self, Outer Self, and Isolation Theme Icon
Growing Up Theme Icon
The journal opens with a brief preface on June 12th – Anne Frank's 13th birthday. "I hope I will be able to confide everything to you, as... (full context)
Growing Up Theme Icon
World War II: Fear, Suffering, and Hope Theme Icon
Anne's journal officially begins on Sunday, June 14 – two days after her birthday. She writes... (full context)
Inner Self, Outer Self, and Isolation Theme Icon
World War II: Fear, Suffering, and Hope Theme Icon
Anne goes on to describe her classmates at the Jewish Lyceum. She notes that Jacqueline "is... (full context)
Inner Self, Outer Self, and Isolation Theme Icon
Growing Up Theme Icon
One week after her birthday, Anne returns to the idea that she feels friendless. "No," she writes, "on the surface I... (full context)
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World War II: Fear, Suffering, and Hope Theme Icon
The following day, Anne writes more about her school. Students in her class are terribly frightened because it will... (full context)
Love and Sexuality Theme Icon
World War II: Fear, Suffering, and Hope Theme Icon
On June 24th, Anne complains of the sweltering heat, noting that she's forced to walk given that Jews are... (full context)
Inner Self, Outer Self, and Isolation Theme Icon
Love and Sexuality Theme Icon
On July 1st, Anne writes that she's spent quite a bit of time with Hello. Hello reveals that his... (full context)
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World War II: Fear, Suffering, and Hope Theme Icon
July 5th. Anne receives her report card – she's gotten average grades. Although Anne's parents are satisfied, Anne... (full context)
Inner Self, Outer Self, and Isolation Theme Icon
World War II: Fear, Suffering, and Hope Theme Icon
July 8th. Anne's life has been turned upside down. Shortly after she finished her last entry, the Franks... (full context)
Human Nature: Generosity and Greed Theme Icon
World War II: Fear, Suffering, and Hope Theme Icon
July 9th. Anne continues her story of the family's escape. The scene opens with the Frank family walking... (full context)
July 10th. Anne continues her story. With the help of Miep, the Franks move into the Annex. The... (full context)
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July 11th. Anne observes that, to her, life in the Annex feels like a "vacation in some strange"... (full context)
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July 12th. Anne complains that her mother picks on her and favors Margot. For instance, Mrs. Frank doesn't... (full context)
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Human Nature: Generosity and Greed Theme Icon
August 21st. A bookcase is built in front of the door to the Annex. Life in the Annex is otherwise dull, though tensions are rising among its inhabitants. Anne... (full context)
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September 21st. A lamp has been mounted over Anne's bed, so she can switch it on when she hears gunfire. Mr. van Daan and... (full context)
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Growing Up Theme Icon
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September 25th. The van Daans playfully ask Anne if she'll ever "love Peter like a brother," and Anne is mortified. The men of... (full context)
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September 27th. Mrs. Frank and Anne argue about what life after the war might be like, and Anne bursts into tears.... (full context)
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September 28th. Anne wonders why adults bicker about petty things; up until life in the Annex, she thought... (full context)
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October 1st. The doorbell rings in the middle of the night, sending Anne into a panic – it turns out to be nothing. Still, tensions run high. The... (full context)
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October 3rd. Anne is teased by the Franks and the van Daans for innocently lying down in bed... (full context)
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October 7th. Anne has a fantasy in which she goes to Switzerland. In this fantasy, she shares a... (full context)
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October 9th. Anne learns that the Gestapo have been sending the Franks' Jewish friends to Westerbork, a concentration... (full context)
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October 20th. After a few peaceful days, in which Anne was getting along very well with her family (including her mother and Margot), there's a... (full context)
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November 2nd. Anne thinks she's going to get her period soon, given that she keeps finding a "whitish... (full context)
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November 7th. Anne and Mrs. Frank are at odds again. Anne is unfairly scolded by her parents for... (full context)
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Anne then reflects on her relationship with her mother. "She's not a mother to me," she... (full context)
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...10th. It has been decided that another person will be allowed to hide in the Annex: Alfred Dussel, a middle-aged dentist. Anne is very excited at the prospect of his arrival,... (full context)
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November 19th. Although she isn't thrilled to share her space and belongings with Mr. Dussel, Anne is willing to make this sacrifice "for a good cause." Mr. Dussel reports that "countless"... (full context)
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...Dussel's stories of the outside world horrify and transfix the Franks and the van Daans. Anne remarks that the only way to deal with such ghastly news is to process it... (full context)
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...The honeymoon period with Mr. Dussel has ended, and he's taken to lecturing and scolding Anne. Overwhelmed by the collective nitpicking of the adults in the Annex, Anne admits to lying... (full context)
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December 7th: Hanukkah and St. Nicholas Day arrive, and the Annex is awash in celebration. In spite of their dire circumstances, the Annex dwellers still manage... (full context)
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December 13th. Anne is watching people from the front office window. She stares in wonder at the passersby.... (full context)
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December 22nd. Christmas approaches, and everyone in the Annex has received an extra ration of butter. Anne and Mr. Dussel are at odds –... (full context)
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January 13th. The war rages on. Anne observes that families are being torn apart as the Nazis draft young Dutch men to... (full context)
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January 30th. Anne is at her wits' end. "I'm seething with rage, yet I can't show it," she... (full context)
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February 5th. Tensions in the Secret Annex are still running high. Anne is being scolded, once again, for her chatty, rambunctious nature.... (full context)
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March 10th. Power in the Annex has temporarily short-circuited, and warplanes roar overhead through the night. Anne has taken to crawling... (full context)
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March 12th. Food supplies are running short. The Annex dwellers are subsisting largely on beans (which Anne is sick of at this point), and... (full context)
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March 27th. Anne hears a speech by Rauter ("some German bigwig") calling for the extermination of Jews from... (full context)
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April 2nd. One night, Mrs. Frank comes into Anne's bedroom and asks if Anne wants to say her prayers with her instead of Mr.... (full context)
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April 27th. The whole Annex is quarreling. Parts of Amsterdam have gone up in flames, and air raids are increasing.... (full context)
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...from Charlotte. It's discovered that Mr. Dussel has been hoarding food in his cupboard, and Anne is aghast at his greed. Gunfire in the city has increased, and Anne packs a... (full context)
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May 2nd. Although she recognizes that their lives are far better than most, Anne bemoans the fact that the Annex dwellers' "manners" have declined as the war drags on.... (full context)
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May 2nd. Anne writes an additional entry, titled "The Attitude of the Annex Residents Toward the War." Mr.... (full context)
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May 18th. The war grows in intensity. Anne witnesses a dogfight between German and English planes in the sky. There's news that all... (full context)
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June 13th. Anne celebrates her 14th birthday. Mr. Frank composes a special poem for her, which Margot translates... (full context)
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July 11th. Anne has resolved to do everything she can to avoid criticism from her elders. She realizes... (full context)
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July 13th. Employing her newfound tact, Anne politely asks Mr. Dussel if she can use the table in their bedroom for a... (full context)
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...bombed and children are searching the ruins for the bodies of their parents. Thankfully, the Annex has been spared. Anne is chilled by the memory of the sound of the oncoming... (full context)
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July 23rd. Anne recounts what some of the Annex's residents would like to do once they're able to... (full context)
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July 26th. Amsterdam is bombed twice in one day. Anne is so frightened that her legs are quaking when she goes to bed that night.... (full context)
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July 29th. Anne is infuriated when Mr. Dussel and Mrs. van Daan tease and criticize her opinions of... (full context)
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August 3rd. Another air raid. Anne steels herself, in an attempt to practice being courageous. Mrs. van Daan, on the other... (full context)
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August 4th. Anne decides to describe an ordinary evening in the life of the Annex dwellers. Anne describes... (full context)
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August 5th. Anne continues her description of life in the Annex. At lunchtime, the workers from the office... (full context)
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August 9th. The description continues – Anne now describes supper. Anne remarks that Mr. van Daan and Mrs. van Daan eat generous... (full context)
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August 10th. Anne continues to adjust her attitude. She decides to speak primarily to herself at mealtimes (in... (full context)
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...the money to buy clothing after the war is over). All the fighting in the Annex s taking its toll on Anne – she's lost her appetite, and she cries herself... (full context)
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November 8th, 1943. Anne observes that a life of confinement has forced her to be at the mercy of... (full context)
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November 27th. Just as she's falling asleep, Anne has a vision of her old schoolmate Hanneli. "I saw her there, dressed in rags,... (full context)
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December 6th. Anne thinks it would be terrible to go without celebrating St. Nicholas day, so she and... (full context)
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Anne has come down with the flu. Tensions in the Annex have eased. For Hanukkah, Mr.... (full context)
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December 24th. Anne quotes Goethe, saying that she feels both on top of the world (she is fortunate... (full context)
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December 26th. Anne reflects on a story her father told her a year prior, about a girl he... (full context)
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December 27th. Anne writes of her Christmas present – the first she's ever gotten in her life. Mr.... (full context)
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December 29th. Anne's visions continue. This time, she has visions of both her grandmother and Hanneli. "Grandma, oh... (full context)
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December 30th. Food is growing scarce, and tensions are beginning to rise again in the Annex as a result. There's worry that food isn't being divided fairly, and there's a push... (full context)
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January 2. Anne reads her previous entries on her mother and has a change of heart. Anne recognizes... (full context)
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January 6th. Anne has two confessions to make. First, Anne speculates that Mrs. Frank sees her more as... (full context)
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January 6th. In a second letter to Kitty, Anne reveals that her desire for companionship has led her to attempt to become friends with... (full context)
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Anne recalls a dream she had the night before about Peter Schiff, in which Peter places... (full context)
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January 7th. Anne tells the story of how she fell in love with Peter Schiff. She also confesses... (full context)
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January 12th. Anne reflects on her relationship with her mother – she speculates that Mrs. Frank must think... (full context)
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January 19th. Anne feels that her dream of Peter Schiff has changed her. Anne realizes that she no... (full context)
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..."Can you tell me why people go to such lengths to hide their real selves?" Anne wonders why she behaves differently when she's around other people, and wonders whether there will... (full context)
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January 24th. Anne is surprised when she has a frank conversation about sex with Peter after supper –... (full context)
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January 30th. Anne goes downstairs in the dark and stares up at the sky. Seeing the German planes,... (full context)
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...There's speculation that the Germans might destroy the dams and flood the Netherlands, and the Annex dwellers joke about what they might do to survive such a thing. Anne doesn't pay... (full context)
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February 12th. The sun is out, and Anne is full of longing for something she can't quite articulate. "I think spring is inside... (full context)
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February 14th. Anne reveals that her longing is at least partially resolved. Following a small argument with Mr.... (full context)
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February 16th. On Margot's birthday, Anne takes it upon herself to fetch the potatoes from the attic. Anne runs into Peter... (full context)
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Mrs. Frank then sends Anne up for more potatoes. On this second trip Peter and Anne end up talking to... (full context)
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February 18th. Anne admits that whenever she goes upstairs, it's always to see Peter. Anne quickly explains that... (full context)
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February 19th. Anne is fraught with worry that Peter doesn't really like her. Over the course of the... (full context)
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February 23rd. The weather is beautiful, and Anne has taken to going to the attic almost every morning. This morning, she finds Peter... (full context)
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After signing off from her letter to Kitty, Anne adds a postscript to Peter. She tells him that she knows that they've been missing... (full context)
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February 27th. Anne confesses that she thinks of Peter all the time. She speculates that she and Peter... (full context)
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February 28th. Anne feels like her desire for Peter is a waking nightmare. She feels like she has... (full context)
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March 1st. Another break-in sends the Annex into a panic. There's speculation that the burglar has a duplicate key, given that there... (full context)
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March 2nd. Anne and Margot spend time in the attic together, discussing how aggravating their parents are. Anne... (full context)
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Anne sees Peter in the afternoon, and they talk about their parents. Peter admits that his... (full context)
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March 3rd. While staring into a candle flame, Anne imagines that she sees her grandmother. She feels that her grandmother is watching over her.... (full context)
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March 6th. Anne discovers that, after their conversation about his parents, she feels a sense of responsibility toward... (full context)
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March 7th. Anne looks back on her life in 1942, and can't believe how wonderful it was compared... (full context)
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Anne reflects that she's grown up in a lot of ways since 1942. She's discovered an... (full context)
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March 12th. Anne is unsure whether Peter really likes her or not, and she has grown melancholy. Anne... (full context)
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March 14th. Food supplies are growing short and the Annex dwellers are forced to eat pickled kale and mashed potatoes. The adults around her have... (full context)
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March 16th. Anne speculates that she's much more restless than Peter because she doesn't have a room of... (full context)
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Mach 17th. Anne chafes at her parents' attentions – she wants nothing more than for them to stop... (full context)
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March 18th. Anne meditates on sex. She wonders why parents don't have honest discussions with their children about... (full context)
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March 19th. Anne and Peter retreat to the attic in the evening, where in the fading light of... (full context)
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March 20th. Anne worries that Margot likes Peter, and that this will be a source of friction between... (full context)
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March 22nd. Anne feels that she and Peter are in love. Anne swears she isn't thinking of marrying... (full context)
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March 23rd. A plane crashes near the Annex, and the Germans spray the airmen with bullets. The incident terrifies Anne. Anne and Peter... (full context)
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March 24th. The adults have grown aware of Peter and Anne's friendship, and they riddle the two with teasing remarks. Meanwhile, Anne wonders whether Peter knows... (full context)
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March 25th. "You never realize how much you've changed until after it's happened," Anne writes. She reflects on how she's changed, and how she's learned to navigate the various... (full context)
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March 28th. Anne finds herself in a quandary. Mrs. Frank has forbidden Anne from visiting Peter in the... (full context)
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March 29th. Anne learns from the radio that the Dutch Cabinet Minister wishes to create an archive of... (full context)
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March 31st. Anne breathlessly reports that the Russians have reached the Polish border in Romania. She speculates that... (full context)
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April 5th. Anne has resolved to let go of her tortured feelings surrounding Peter, and has shifted her... (full context)
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Everyone in the Annex is warned to be far more cautious as a result of the break-in. They're reminded... (full context)
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Anne reflects that she was ready to die the night of the break-in. She feels that... (full context)
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April 14th. Tensions are again running high, thanks to the break-in. Anne, however, feels that things aren't as bad as they seem. "Here in the Annex, no... (full context)
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April 16th. Anne reports that Peter has kissed her – she and Peter were cuddling in the attic... (full context)
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April 17th. Anne and Peter continue to cuddle and kiss, and Anne is in raptures. "Why should we... (full context)
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April 18th. Anne and Peter have a discussion about female sex organs (Peter has no clue what female... (full context)
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April 28th. Anne hasn't forgotten her dream about Peter Schiff; she still longs for the ecstasy she felt... (full context)
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May 2nd. Anne resolves to tell her father about her relationship with Peter. Mr. Frank is at first... (full context)
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May 3rd. Anne speculates on the cause of war – what's the point of it? Why can't people... (full context)
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May 5th. Mr. Frank is upset that Anne and Peter continue to engage in "Knutscherej" (necking). Anne writes him a letter, telling him... (full context)
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May 7th. Mr. Frank is deeply hurt by Anne's letter, and the two have a tearful heart-to-heart. Anne realizes that she was cruel to... (full context)
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May 8th. Anne writes about her father's upbringing – he was born into a wealthy family, and attended... (full context)
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May 11th. Anne dreams of the future. In addition to her studies, Anne has been working hard on... (full context)
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May 19th. Anne and Peter continue their romance, though Anne has decided to shut him out from her... (full context)
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...regarding the Allied invasion – he had speculated that it would have happened by now. Anne contemplates on England's involvement in the war, and argues that England isn't acting selflessly. There's... (full context)
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May 25th. Anne and her family are shocked to learn that, after being released from his first imprisonment,... (full context)
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May 26th. Anne feels "utterly broken, inside and out." Anne feels disappointed in Peter, and the tension brought... (full context)
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Anne wonders whether it wouldn't have been better if, instead of going into hiding, they had... (full context)
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June 6th. D-Day. The Allies have invaded, and the Annex is in an uproar. Will they be liberated from the Nazis? Anne is filled with... (full context)
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June 13th. Anne has celebrated her 15th birthday, and is showered with a surprising number of gifts. She... (full context)
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Anne considers her infatuation with nature. She feels that gazing out the window at "the sky,... (full context)
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Anne then turns her thoughts to the patriarchy: why do men dominate women? (Her thoughts are... (full context)
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...rising. Mrs. van Daan is terrified that she'll be killed, jealous that Peter confides in Anne, and upset that Mr. Dussel doesn't return her flirtations in kind. (full context)
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July 6th. Tensions have eased in the Annex as the Allied invasion continues. Anne is worried about Peter's "weak" character. She wonders why... (full context)
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...to a book she's just read (What Do You Think of the Modern Young Girl?), Anne considers her own character. Anne proclaims that she has a good deal of self-knowledge –... (full context)
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Anne then turns her thoughts to Peter. She speculates that she became intimate with him before... (full context)
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Anne concludes that life is far more difficult for the young, given that young people don't... (full context)
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July 21st. Anne is feeling very optimistic; she's learned that an assassination attempt has been made on Hitler's... (full context)
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August 1st. "What does ‘contradiction' mean?" Anne asks. Anne uses this question as a springboard for a meditation on her own personality.... (full context)
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...that someone tipped off the police. Miep and Bep are spared. The police ransack the Annex and take the majority of their valuables. After the police leave, Miep finds Anne's diaries... (full context)
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...January 1945 due to hunger and exhaustion. At the end of October, 1944, Margot and Anne are transferred from Auschwitz to Bergen-Belsen. Margot and Anne both die of typhus in either... (full context)