The Mayor of Casterbridge

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Elizabeth-Jane Newson Character Analysis

Elizabeth-Jane is the biological daughter of Susan Henchard and Richard Newson. Susan and Michael Henchard had a daughter, also named Elizabeth-Jane, who died not long after she and her mother were sold to Newson. Elizabeth-Jane was given this dead girl’s name, and Henchard naturally assumes that she is, in fact, that same girl. Elizabeth-Jane grows up in relatively poor circumstances. However, she is painfully aware of proper behavior, and when she receives a new position through her mother’s re-marriage to Henchard, she tries desperately to please her new father by speaking like a young lady. She works diligently at reading and studies. Her young years are filled with confusion and unhappiness. She falls in love with Donald Farfrae, only to watch his falling out with her father, who then forbids her to interact with the young man. Eventually, she sees Farfrae fall in love with her companion, Lucetta, instead. Elizabeth-Jane lives alone for a few years, as her father loses his fortune and position in society. She later tries to care for him and love him, despite his past mistreatment of her. At the end of the novel, she ends up marrying Farfrae (after Lucetta’s death), and she searches for Henchard after learning the truth about her biological father, only to discover that he has died.

Elizabeth-Jane Newson Quotes in The Mayor of Casterbridge

The The Mayor of Casterbridge quotes below are all either spoken by Elizabeth-Jane Newson or refer to Elizabeth-Jane Newson . For each quote, you can also see the other characters and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one:
Self-Destruction Theme Icon
). Note: all page and citation info for the quotes below refers to the Penguin Classics edition of The Mayor of Casterbridge published in 2003.
Chapter 10 Quotes

"Meet me at eight o'clock this evening, if you can, at the Ring on the Budmouth road. The place is easy to find. I can say no more now. The news upsets me almost. The girl seems to be in ignorance. Keep her so till I have seen you. M. H."
He said nothing about the enclosure of five guineas. The amount was significant; it may tacitly have said to her that he bought her back again.

Related Characters: Michael Henchard (speaker), Susan Henchard, Elizabeth-Jane Newson
Related Symbols: Five Guineas, The Ring
Page Number: 67
Explanation and Analysis:

Henchard and Susan are reunited through a letter that is brought from Susan to Henchard via Elizabeth-Jane. Henchard responds with a note asking Susan to meet him, and includes with it five guineas. Two important symbols appear in this pivotal passage: the Ring and the five guineas. The Ring is a local remnant of the ancient Roman culture in this part of England. As a landmark site, it is linked to the bloody history of the Romans would invaded England; it is an amphitheater for battle as a form of entertainment. Because of its role as a visual reminder of a painful past, the Ring seems a fateful place for Henchard and Susan to meet and address their own painful past.

The second symbol of the five guineas is acknowledged by Henchard, who remembers that this is the sum Newson paid to buy Susan from him years earlier. By enclosing this amount, Henchard intentionally suggests that he wishes Susan to return to him, that he symbolically wishes to “buy her back.”

The language of Henchard’s note focuses on his commitment to and concern for Elizabeth-Jane. He wants to keep her ignorant of his connection to her, which suggests that he feels guilt over his past wrongs. But he also feels a duty to her and to Susan because of their family connection. This sense of duty seems more prevalent than any feelings of real love or attachment, as the language of his letter to Susan is matter-of-fact, rather than romantic or apologetic. Duty to family also influences Susan when she reaches out to her past husband, once Richard Newson is supposedly dead. 

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Chapter 17 Quotes

Hence, when she felt her heart going out to him, she would say to herself with a mock pleasantry that carried an ache with it, "No, no, Elizabeth-Jane--such dreams are not for you!" She tried to prevent herself from seeing him, and thinking of him; succeeding fairly well in the former attempt, in the latter not so completely.

Related Characters: Elizabeth-Jane Newson , Donald Farfrae
Page Number: 110
Explanation and Analysis:

Elizabeth-Jane and Farfrae share a strong connection, but Elizabeth-Jane tries to persuade herself to stop developing romantic feelings for him. She sees Farfrae as her father’s competitor, an idea supported by Henchard’s anger about Farfrae opening a separate business in the same field. Henchard then openly forbids Elizabeth-Jane to see Farfrae, and Elizabeth-Jane heeds her father’s wishes. This quote shows Elizabeth-Jane’s strong sense of duty. She is loyal to her father and obeys his wishes, even when they go against her own desires. Yet despite her attempt to avoid seeing Farfrae and even thinking of him, Elizabeth-Jane’s feelings are clearly too strong to repress.

In Elizabeth-Jane, two types of love are at odds. She feels love and loyalty to Henchard, even though she doesn’t yet know the story of his past with her mother or that he believes himself to be her father. She is grateful to him for taking her and her mother in when they were in need. Yet she also feels a youthful romantic love for Farfrae. Tragically, Henchard’s conflict with Farfrae means Elizabeth-Jane must choose one type of love or the other—in this situation at least, she can't have both.

Chapter 19 Quotes

"Don't cry--don't cry!" said Henchard, with vehement pathos, "I can't bear it, I won't bear it. I am your father; why should you cry? Am I so dreadful, so hateful to 'ee? Don't take against me, Elizabeth-Jane!" he cried, grasping her wet hand. "Don't take against me--though I was a drinking man once, and used your mother roughly--I'll be kinder to you than he was! I'll do anything, if you will only look upon me as your father!"

Related Characters: Michael Henchard (speaker), Elizabeth-Jane Newson
Page Number: 121
Explanation and Analysis:

After Susan’s death, Henchard feels he can tell Elizabeth-Jane the truth (as he understands it) of her parentage. When Henchard confesses that he is Elizabeth-Jane’s father, and then tells the story of his sale of wife and daughter to Richard Newson, Elizabeth-Jane begins to cry. Henchard is deeply moved by her tears, pleading with her with “vehement pathos” (expressive, pitiable sadness). He begs for her approval and recognition of the father-daughter relationship between them. As in his reunion with Susan, Henchard focuses on overcoming the woes of the past with promises for the future. He promises to be kinder to Elizabeth-Jane than "he" (either Richard Newson or Henchard's own past self) was, if she will only accept him as her father.

Notably, Henchard’s promises of kindness depend upon Elizabeth-Jane’s behavior: she must treat him as her father. Henchard also asks that she change her last name to his to reflect their relationship. These details show that Henchard sets a lot of value on their father-daughter relationship. He cares deeply for her because she is his daughter. Her worth in his eyes is based on that connection. He does not care about Elizabeth-Jane because of the person she is, independent of that connection. This is due in part to his duty to his family, and in part to happiness he derives from familial love. Henchard’s obsession with Elizabeth-Jane’s care and support escalates at the end of the novel.

I can hardly write it, but here it is. Elizabeth-Jane is not your Elizabeth-Jane--the child who was in my arms when you sold me. No; she died three months after that, and this living one is my other husband's. I christened her by the same name we had given to the first, and she filled up the ache I felt at the other's loss. Michael, I am dying, and I might have held my tongue; but I could not.

Related Characters: Susan Henchard (speaker), Michael Henchard, Elizabeth-Jane Newson
Page Number: 123
Explanation and Analysis:

After Susan’s death, Henchard finds a letter left among her belongings with the instructions that it should be opened and read on Elizabeth-Jane’s wedding day. Henchard, ignoring these instructions, opens the letter and discovers that Elizabeth-Jane is not his biological child, but a child of Richard Newson's who bears the same name. This passage shows Susan’s anguish at her confession. She “can hardly write” the truth and might have kept to herself, but feels a need to let it be known because she is dying. Susan’s reluctance to admit the truth, and her instructions on the letter, show an awareness of how Henchard will react to the news. She knows he is capable of bitterness and spite, and she must have labeled the letter in order to save this news until Elizabeth-Jane’s wedding day, because only at that point will Elizabeth-Jane be
"free" (because technically "belonging" to her husband) from Henchard’s protection and influence.

Why does Susan confess the truth? The pair has each behaved unfairly in the past and sought forgiveness. The love Susan feels for a child is clear in this quote, as she speaks of the “ache” she felt at the loss of her first daughter. It seems clear that her loyalty and love belongs first and foremost to Elizabeth-Jane, but it does not exclude a sense of familial duty to her husband Henchard.

Henchard bent and kissed her cheek. The moment and the act he had prefigured for weeks with a thrill of pleasure; yet it was no less than a miserable insipidity to him now that it had come. His reinstation of her mother had been chiefly for the girl's sake, and the fruition of the whole scheme was such dust and ashes as this.

Related Characters: Michael Henchard, Susan Henchard, Elizabeth-Jane Newson
Page Number: 126
Explanation and Analysis:

Elizabeth-Jane has reconciled herself to the truth of her parentage as told to her by Henchard, just as Henchard has learned that she is not, in fact, his daughter. The irony of this—that Elizabeth-Jane should accept him as her father, just as Henchard rejects her because she is not his biological daughter—is not lost on Henchard. He feels the bitterness of a situation that he had longed for as he embraces his daughter, who is not his daughter. Henchard’s bitterness also reveals his motivation for taking in Susan and Elizabeth-Jane, for the “reinstation of her mother had chiefly been for the girl’s sake.” This means that Henchard was eager for Susan’s goodwill and forgiveness primarily because of Elizabeth-Jane, and was eager to support Elizabeth-Jane because she was his biological daughter. He refers to this process of reconciliation as a "scheme," which implies some strategic effort on Henchard’s part. He is partly frustrated in this scene because a plan of his, into which he put effort, is foiled. Henchard’s character is not generous. He expects to get his way when he inputs money and resources.

Henchard places a lot of value on familial “love,” although his feelings about Elizabeth-Jane focus on himself and his needs, which does not seem like a very expansive kind of love. He wants his daughter to be a part of his life, and sees Elizabeth-Jane’s connection to him as part of his identity as a father. He treats her less like an independent person than a possession, and he now feels little affection for her or duty to her without their biological connection.

Chapter 41 Quotes

He watched the distant highway expecting to see Newson return on foot, enlightened and indignant, to claim his child. But no figure appeared. Possibly he had spoken to nobody on the coach, but buried his grief in his own heart. His grief!--what was it, after all, to that which he, Henchard, would feel at the loss of her? Newson's affection cooled by years, could not equal his who had been constantly in her presence. And thus his jealous soul speciously argued to excuse the separation of father and child.

Related Characters: Michael Henchard, Elizabeth-Jane Newson , Richard Newson
Page Number: 290
Explanation and Analysis:

Richard Newson arrives in Casterbridge and seeks his daughter Elizabeth-Jane. Newson was not dead, but lost at sea, and has spent a long time searching for his missing family, guided by love for Susan and Elizabeth-Jane. Henchard, overwhelmed to meet him, tells him in a spur of the moment decision that both women have died. Newson’s grief at this news shows the true love he feels for both women. Henchard again exhibits his characteristic rash decisions and his anxiety about these decisions after the fact. Henchard dreads Newson’s return because he has grown close to Elizabeth-Jane and expects her to be a part of his life. He is once again guided by jealousy, which also motivated him in his treatment of Farfrae.

This moment is established as a parallel to Henchard’s discovery of the truth of Elizabeth-Jane’s parentage. In that moment, Henchard had achieved what he wanted—Elizabeth-Jane’s love and loyalty—only to find it lose meaning for him. In this moment, Henchard has found meaning in Elizabeth-Jane’s love and loyalty, only to find out that she could be separated from him. He had her by his side for a long time when he didn’t care to, and now that he cares for her, he may lose her. Like so many other plot twists in Hardy's work, the irony is clear and tragic.

Chapter 45 Quotes

MICHAEL HENCHARD'S WILL

"That Elizabeth-Jane Farfrae be not told of my death, or made to grieve on account of me.
"& that I be not bury'd in consecrated ground.
"& that no sexton be asked to toll the bell.
"& that nobody is wished to see my dead body.
"& that no murners walk behind me at my funeral.
"& that no flours be planted on my grave,
"& that no man remember me.
"To this I put my name.

MICHAEL HENCHARD

Related Characters: Michael Henchard (speaker), Elizabeth-Jane Newson
Page Number: 321
Explanation and Analysis:

The novel ends with Elizabeth-Jane and Farfrae seeking out Henchard and finding news of him from Abel Whittle after his death. All Henchard has left behind is a will, in which he cannot bequeath anything—having no possessions, nor offspring—so what he leaves is an absence of things. He asks that nothing be done—that he not be buried, mourned, or remembered. Therefore, this “will” serves the purpose of capturing Henchard’s isolation, loneliness, and despair at the end of the novel. He has been brought to this place through his self-destructive characteristics, through the chance events of nature, and through past cruelties that were not forgiven by others.

But, Hardy suggests, forgiveness is sometimes possible against all odds. Henchard is tended in his last hours of life by Abel Whittle, whom he once treated cruelly. Elizabeth-Jane also forgives Henchard and attempts to find him, although her forgiveness comes too late to be expressed to him during his life.

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Elizabeth-Jane Newson Character Timeline in The Mayor of Casterbridge

The timeline below shows where the character Elizabeth-Jane Newson appears in The Mayor of Casterbridge. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Chapter 2
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...bitter temper could have done. He vows that he will find her and their daughter, Elizabeth-Jane. (full context)
Chapter 3
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...and child at the Weydon fair. On this early fall day, a much-changed Susan and Elizabeth-Jane take the little-changed road to Weydon-Priors. Susan is dressed in black as a widow, and... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane questions her mother as to why they are stopping at the fair. Susan says she... (full context)
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...grand tent it once had, and she is selling only to the poorest of customers. Elizabeth-Jane stays back when her mother goes to the speak with the old woman, cautioning her... (full context)
Chapter 4
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Susan has never told Elizabeth-Jane the truth about Henchard and the events at the Weydon-Priors fair. Susan has also innocently... (full context)
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...relieved Susan’s conscience and made her free to seek out her husband, Henchard. Susan tells Elizabeth-Jane that they are seeking a relative to ask for his support in their state of... (full context)
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...surrounded by a square of trees. Two talking men pass them on the road, and Elizabeth-Jane overhears them use the name “Henchard.” Susan wishes to make more private inquiries than to... (full context)
Chapter 5
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Following the sounds of the brass band, Susan and Elizabeth-Jane arrive outside of the chief hotel in Casterbridge, the Golden Crown. The blinds of the... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane asks an old man in the group what is going on, and he tells her... (full context)
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As Susan looks at Henchard, she is overcome with emotion and withdraws into the shadows. Elizabeth-Jane asks her mother if she has seen their relative, and Susan exclaims that she has... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane is excited by their connection to the mayor, and watches the scene inside with interest.... (full context)
Chapter 6
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Elizabeth-Jane overhears this interaction and is intrigued by the young man and his Scottish accent, as... (full context)
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Just after Susan and Elizabeth-Jane leave the crowd outside, Henchard leaves the table and asks the waiter about the young... (full context)
Chapter 7
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Susan and Elizabeth-Jane enter The King of Prussia after debating about whether or not even this moderate inn... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane decides to sacrifice her own dignity for the sake of their situation, and so she... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane takes her and her mother’s supper upstairs, but finds her mother is listening in on... (full context)
Chapter 8
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Elizabeth-Jane and Susan finish their meal in silence, consumed by their own thoughts. Donald Farfrae descends... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane admires Farfrae and agrees with the general disappointment at his brief stay in Casterbridge. She... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane returns to her room to find Susan distraught at the idea that Elizabeth-Jane lowered herself... (full context)
Chapter 9
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The next morning, Elizabeth-Jane opens their window to discover a conversation occurring between Henchard, in the street, and Farfrae,... (full context)
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Susan decides to send Elizabeth-Jane to Henchard with a note telling him of Susan’s arrival in town, her status as... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane walks up High Street on the busy market day morning. The street is filled with... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane enters the office to find not Henchard, but Farfrae, pouring over some samples. Momentarily confused,... (full context)
Chapter 10
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As Henchard opens the door of his office to admit Elizabeth-Jane, a newcomer enters and steps forward before Elizabeth-Jane. This newcomer introduces himself as Joshua Jopp,... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane asks Henchard if she may speak with him on a personal matter. She informs him... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane returns with the note and money to The King of Prussia. Susan is moved at... (full context)
Chapter 11
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...thinks Susan innocent in her past actions, but he is frustrated by the thought of Elizabeth-Jane knowing the truth. Susan says she too could not bear for her daughter to know... (full context)
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...take nicer lodgings, so that they are perceived as genteel. Henchard repeats his anxiety about Elizabeth-Jane discovering the truth, and Susan assures him of how unlikely the young woman is to... (full context)
Chapter 12
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...about his daughter and her ignorance of her own past. Despite Farfrae’s advice to tell Elizabeth-Jane the truth and ask for her forgiveness, Henchard says that he will not do so,... (full context)
Chapter 13
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Susan and Elizabeth-Jane live in a nice cottage paid for by Henchard. Henchard visits regularly, with business-like commitment,... (full context)
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...motivated not by love, but by his resolve to make amends to Susan, provide for Elizabeth-Jane, and excuse himself from the dark deeds in his past. (full context)
Chapter 14
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Both Susan and Elizabeth-Jane flourish once they move into Henchard’s home. He provides for them, improving his own home,... (full context)
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One morning at breakfast, Henchard comments upon Elizabeth-Jane’s hair, which is light brown. He says that Susan had once remarked that her daughter’s... (full context)
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Henchard then shares with Susan that he would like to have Elizabeth-Jane called Miss Henchard rather than Miss Newson. Susan protests slightly at first, but then agrees... (full context)
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...a large amount of time with the young man and considers him a close companion. Elizabeth-Jane frequently watches the pair in the yard at work from her bedroom window. (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane also notes how Farfrae looks at her and her mother, as they walk together. She... (full context)
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...the town live. These are the men with whom Henchard primarily does business. One day, Elizabeth-Jane receives a note by hand asking her come at once to a specific granary in... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane arrives at the granary and waits, only to see Farfrae appear. She hides in the... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane assumes Farfrae had arranged to meet her and she shows him the note she received.... (full context)
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Farfrae delicately points out that Elizabeth-Jane’s dress is covered in wheat husks from the granary. He offers his assistance and blows... (full context)
Chapter 15
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Elizabeth-Jane, although she now draws Donald Farfrae’s gaze, is still not noticed by the townspeople until... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane feels surprised and overwhelmed by the admiration and notice of the town, despite reminding herself... (full context)
Chapter 16
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Back in the tent, Elizabeth-Jane is dancing with Farfrae. After the dance, she looks to Henchard for fatherly approval, but... (full context)
Chapter 17
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After Henchard’s departure from Farfrae’s celebrations, Elizabeth-Jane remains for a brief while, distressed that she in someway must have offended her father... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane lets out a quiet sigh of disappointment when she fears that Farfrae will leave for... (full context)
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At home, Elizabeth-Jane ponders over Farfrae’s unwillingness to ask her the question that he might have. She had... (full context)
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...has instead set himself up as an independent businessman in the same business as Henchard. Elizabeth-Jane persuades herself that Farfrae does not care for her. She dresses up in her outfit... (full context)
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...and that he knows his business better than the young man. At home, Henchard sees Elizabeth-Jane and warns her that he never wants her to see the young man, his enemy,... (full context)
Chapter 18
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...a sealed envelope addressed to Mr. Michael Henchard, and labeled, “not to be opened until Elizabeth-Jane’s wedding day.” She locks the envelope in her desk. (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane sits up with her sick mother through the night. During the night, Susan confesses that... (full context)
Chapter 19
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Three weeks after Susan’s funeral, Henchard and Elizabeth-Jane are sitting before the fire in the evening. Henchard asks about Richard Newson’s kindness as... (full context)
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Once the truth of this story has been impressed upon Elizabeth-Jane, she begins to cry. Henchard, in distress, vows he’ll do anything to make Elizabeth-Jane happy,... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane remains alone that evening, weeping for her mother and for Richard Newson to whom she... (full context)
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Susan’s final letter reveals that Elizabeth-Jane is not, in fact, the Elizabeth-Jane whom Henchard fathered. Her first daughter with Henchard died... (full context)
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...aimlessly in the room for a couple hours. He realizes that Susan’s stubbornness about changing Elizabeth-Jane’s last name is now explained. Eventually, he steals into Elizabeth-Jane’s room as she sleep and... (full context)
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...found Susan’s letter had he not revealed what he thought to be the truth of Elizabeth-Jane’s parentage to her, and that in claiming her as his daughter, he had directly learned... (full context)
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Henchard decides as the next day dawns that he will not tell Elizabeth-Jane of the letter. Elizabeth-Jane greets him lovingly that morning, telling him that she has thought... (full context)
Chapter 20
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Elizabeth-Jane must endure Henchard’s sudden change in behavior towards her. He confessed the truth of her... (full context)
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One evening when Henchard is meeting with a gentleman on business, he calls Elizabeth-Jane in to write down an agreement between the men. He is ashamed to see her... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane natural consideration for others also sparks Henchard’s anger when she thanks the maid or does... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane often provides a small meal or drinks for one of Henchard’s workers, a woman named... (full context)
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...alone for meals and she fills her solitary hours by learning Latin and studying incessantly. Elizabeth-Jane continues her quiet and lonely existence, crushing, through force of will, her interest in Farfrae... (full context)
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Although winter is arriving, on the nicer days Elizabeth-Jane walks in the morning to visit her mother’s grave. One morning, Elizabeth-Jane sees another woman... (full context)
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...of the Council, rather than himself. He also has learned that Farfrae was one whom Elizabeth-Jane waited on in The King of Prussia, which he considers another slight to his position... (full context)
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Henchard contemplates his decision to warn Farfrae away from Elizabeth-Jane when he thought her his own daughter, whereas he now wishes his enemy would take... (full context)
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The next morning, Elizabeth-Jane returns to the graveyard. Depressed and feeling the weight of her father’s scorn, she exclaims... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane tells the woman of her history and her quarrel with Henchard. The woman seems strangely... (full context)
Chapter 21
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Elizabeth-Jane’s imagination fills with the prospect of the fine lady, her new house in Casterbridge, and... (full context)
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Moving men are going in and out of the house and Elizabeth-Jane enters as well through an open door. Startled by her own brazenness, Elizabeth-Jane quickly exits... (full context)
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Hearing approaching footsteps, Elizabeth-Jane hides from another passerby in the alleyway before heading home. Had she lingered, she would... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane returns to the graveyard to meet the lady and finds her there despite the poor... (full context)
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Miss Templeman arranges for Elizabeth-Jane to arrive at her house and move in at six that evening. Henchard is surprised... (full context)
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Henchard’s change of heart comes too late and Elizabeth-Jane is determined to leave. She promises she will return though, if her father needs her,... (full context)
Chapter 22
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Henchard’s stunned reaction to Elizabeth-Jane’s new address is explained by the events of the previous evening. Henchard had then received... (full context)
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...her relations with the Templeman relative she had spoken of. The next day, soon after Elizabeth-Jane’s departure, Henchard receives another note from Lucetta explaining that she is, in fact, the Miss... (full context)
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Earlier in the evening when Elizabeth-Jane arrived at High-Place Hall, she had joined Lucetta in the drawing room where the other... (full context)
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...Lucetta dresses for Henchard’s visit and waits for him all day. She does not tell Elizabeth-Jane for whom they are waiting. That day is market day, and the two women watch... (full context)
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...the Candlemas Fair calls the merchants back into the market square. Lucetta wonders aloud to Elizabeth-Jane if her father will visit her today because he will be coming for the fair.... (full context)
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...starts to cry as she realizes that she has prevented Henchard from visiting by inviting Elizabeth-Jane to live with her. Lucetta says she likes Elizabeth-Jane’s company very much, and the younger... (full context)
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As soon as Elizabeth-Jane has departed, Lucetta writes to Henchard explaining that she has sent Elizabeth-Jane away that morning... (full context)
Chapter 23
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...at High-Place Hall is the result of Henchard’s note to him that he could court Elizabeth-Jane. His recent business success has made him aware that he can afford to marry. Lucetta... (full context)
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...reawaked his affection for her. She no longer feels the necessity of getting rid of Elizabeth-Jane, but instead wanted to keep the younger woman near, as a means of dissuading her... (full context)
Chapter 24
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On every Saturday market day, Lucetta and Elizabeth-Jane are inevitably at home, watching from their windows the maneuvers of Farfrae in the marketplace.... (full context)
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...to go look at the new purchase, and, while observing it, Henchard appears and greets Elizabeth-Jane who, unknowingly, introduces him to Lucetta. As Henchard leaves, Elizabeth-Jane sees and hears him say... (full context)
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Lucetta and Elizabeth-Jane meet Farfrae who is inspecting the machine, which was purchased at his recommendation. Elizabeth-Jane feels... (full context)
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As night falls, Lucetta and Elizabeth-Jane continue to watch the scene outside their house. Elizabeth-Jane bemoans the fact that, as she... (full context)
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After seeing how Farfrae acted around Lucetta, Elizabeth-Jane pays special attention to Lucetta’s actions and discovers a time when she leaves and returns... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane refuses to pass any sort of judgment on the situation described or to advise Lucetta... (full context)
Chapter 25
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Farfrae calls upon Lucetta, and while Lucetta insists that Elizabeth-Jane join them, Elizabeth-Jane is fully aware that she is excluded even while in the room.... (full context)
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...that ignoring her is not working to increase her interest, Henchard calls on Lucetta while Elizabeth-Jane is not at home. Henchard tells her that she has his full consent to their... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane observes both Farfrae and Henchard’s love for Lucetta and her own invisibleness in comparison. She... (full context)
Chapter 26
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...to discern whether Farfrae is his rival. Despite Lucetta’s nervous behavior, he cannot be certain. Elizabeth-Jane, on the other hand, present, but outside of the game, observes everything. She can tell... (full context)
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...previously claimed his position as manager and is happy to go along with this plan. Elizabeth-Jane is troubled by Henchard’s choice of a new manager, but Henchard will not listen to... (full context)
Chapter 27
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...filled. Soon their workers take on the dispute between Henchard and Farfrae. One September evening, Elizabeth-Jane and Lucetta hear angry voices outside and discover a collision between two wagons in the... (full context)
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Henchard arrives and, seeing the state of his wagon, yells at Farfrae’s man. Elizabeth-Jane and Lucetta run down into the street, and Lucetta says that they saw it all,... (full context)
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...any man other than Farfrae, Henchard might have taken pity upon her in that moment. Elizabeth-Jane is sent for to serve as a witness. Lucetta swears to marry Henchard and then... (full context)
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After Henchard leaves, Elizabeth-Jane asks Lucetta how Henchard can have this much power over her, and why she calls... (full context)
Chapter 28
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Lucetta tells Elizabeth-Jane that she plans to go to Port-Bredy, to the seaside, for a few days. Elizabeth-Jane,... (full context)
Chapter 29
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...distance, looking for any approaching figure. When she turns back toward town, an approaching person, Elizabeth-Jane, has decided to come meet Lucetta on her walk. Lucetta she sees a loose male... (full context)
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Lucetta and Elizabeth-Jane see a barn off the road, but as soon as they turn toward it, the... (full context)
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...with her. As they leave, Lucetta realizes she dropped her muff in the barn and Elizabeth-Jane offers to run back for it. After collecting the muff, Elizabeth-Jane looks at the bull,... (full context)
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As she returns to the road, Elizabeth-Jane encounters Farfrae driving a wagon. She tells him what has happened and he gives her... (full context)
Chapter 30
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...and tells him that she has not yet shared the situation of their marriage with Elizabeth-Jane. She asks Farfrae if it would be okay with him if Elizabeth-Jane continues to live... (full context)
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Lucetta reminds Elizabeth-Jane of the story she told her about her “friend,” but the younger woman drops the... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane says that she ought to marry Henchard, given how far they are entangled. If Lucetta... (full context)
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Lucetta, overcome, shows Elizabeth-Jane the ring on her finger, at which Elizabeth-Jane happily assumes that Lucetta has, in fact,... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane finds lodgings nearly across the street from Henchard’s home and arranges to move there that... (full context)
Chapter 31
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...quality of the sample of wheat Henchard’s business provided, drags Henchard’s name into the mud. Elizabeth-Jane is passing the Golden Crown not longer afterward and learns from the crowd outside that... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane alone feels for Henchard and attempts to reconnect with him. She writes to him, but... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane sees that Henchard’s wagons have been painted over with Farfrae’s name. She sees Abel Whittle... (full context)
Chapter 32
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Elizabeth-Jane’s new apartment, situated as it is across from Henchard’s old home, is now in close... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane hears that Henchard has fallen ill and she arrives at Jopp’s cottage. Despite Henchard’s initial... (full context)
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Henchard appreciates and cares more for Elizabeth-Jane. He is able to seek work at Farfrae’s business, and is immediately employed. Farfrae wishes... (full context)
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One Sunday, Elizabeth-Jane is sitting by her window when she overhears voices in the street, and one that... (full context)
Chapter 33
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...have sung the psalm if they thought the words were meant for a living man. Elizabeth-Jane arrives and is able to convince Henchard to leave The King of Prussia. As they... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane keeps a close eye on her father. She comes to the yard and works with... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane often brings her father tea, as one strategy for preventing him from going out to... (full context)
Chapter 34
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The next morning, Elizabeth-Jane rises early and meets Farfrae as he leaves his house. She says that she has... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane leaves Farfrae, unhappy that she has not been able to impress upon him the seriousness... (full context)
Chapter 37
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...arrives and all the villagers appear at their best to welcome the visitor. Henchard sees Elizabeth-Jane in the street after he has primed himself with a glass of rum. He tells... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane sees Henchard go into a store and reappear with a small union jack flag and... (full context)
Chapter 38
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...there is a drop from the edge of thirty or forty feet—the very spot where Elizabeth-Jane once saw him lift his arm, as if to push Farfrae over. (full context)
Chapter 39
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...row for a performance at the Town Hall. Lucetta hurries to the window, just as Elizabeth-Jane enters. Elizabeth-Jane attempts to close the window and curtains, but Lucetta tells her to let... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane attempts again to shut the window and block out the skimmington-ride. Lucetta shrieks that Farfrae... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane rings for the servants, but they have all run out of the house to see... (full context)
Chapter 40
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...witnesses the skimmington-ride procession as it passes and understands its meaning. He tries to see Elizabeth-Jane and learns that she is not at her home, but with Lucetta at Farfrae’s. Henchard... (full context)
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...house alone, dismayed at this failed attempt to do something for Farfrae’s good. He asks Elizabeth-Jane, who is at the house, how Lucetta is doing. Elizabeth-Jane says that she fears the... (full context)
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...calls at Farfrae’s throughout the night, to check on Lucetta’s condition, but also to see Elizabeth-Jane. Every other hope and connection having been removed from his life, causes Henchard to focus... (full context)
Chapter 41
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Not long after Henchard learns of Lucetta’s death, he is sitting up at home when Elizabeth-Jane arrives. She gives him the news, which he has already heard. He says how kind... (full context)
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...return to Henchard. He says that he learned of Susan’s death, but wishes to find Elizabeth-Jane, his daughter. (full context)
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Henchard doggedly replies that Elizabeth-Jane has also died. He says she is buried next to her mother and died more... (full context)
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Henchard realizes that perhaps Newson’s grief at believing Elizabeth-Jane dead has also prevented him inquiring further. But he feels that Newson’s grief could be... (full context)
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Henchard returns home to find Elizabeth-Jane waiting to see him, saying that he had appeared sad that morning and that she... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane comprehends the seriousness of Henchard’s situation and asks if she might come and live with... (full context)
Chapter 42
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...Casterbridge, but as time wears on and he does not, Henchard grows increasingly dependent upon Elizabeth-Jane’s care and love. Farfrae’s initial instinct to seek revenge upon the leaders of the skimmington-ride... (full context)
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...the same. By the end of the year, Henchard’s seed business is doing very well. Elizabeth-Jane takes long walks most days in the direction of Budmouth. (full context)
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Henchard notices Elizabeth-Jane spending more money than she used to. Although her room is humble, it is filled... (full context)
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From that point onward, Henchard keeps a close eye on Elizabeth-Jane. By hiding in The Ring, he observes the two meet and stop to talk on... (full context)
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In Elizabeth-Jane and Farfrae’s conversation on the road, she confesses that she likes to walk that way... (full context)
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Henchard vows to himself that he will do nothing to hinder Farfrae’s courtship of Elizabeth-Jane, despite his thoughts and wishes. But when he sees how close the two have become,... (full context)
Chapter 43
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The townsfolk of Casterbridge gossip about the engagement between Farfrae and Elizabeth-Jane. The original occupants of The King of Prussia who witnessed the young people’s humble appearances... (full context)
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Henchard is tormented by Elizabeth-Jane’s silence on the matter of her relationship with Farfrae. He supposes that she must see... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane confesses to Henchard that she has received a letter from a strange man about meeting... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane thinks her father must be leaving because she wishes to marry Farfrae. He assures her... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane meets Farfrae on her walk back. She tells him that Henchard is gone. Farfrae has... (full context)
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...not hurt or offend the other man. Newson explains how Henchard had told him that Elizabeth-Jane had died when he had come through Casterbridge previously, searching for her. Newson regards the... (full context)
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Newson good-naturedly encourages Elizabeth-Jane to put the past behind her. He offers to help pay for the wedding, which... (full context)
Chapter 44
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...He had planned to travel far away from Casterbridge, but because his mind is on Elizabeth-Jane, he continues circling distantly around the town. He often sneers at himself for this weakness... (full context)
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...and hears that one is taking place on Martin’s Day. He thinks of writing to Elizabeth-Jane, remembering that she had said she wished him to be at her wedding, but he... (full context)
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...to wear his working suit, the only clothes he owns, to the event. He buys Elizabeth-Jane a gift of a goldfinch in a cage. (full context)
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...fails him. He does not want to appear among such splendor as an embarrassment to Elizabeth-Jane. He enters by the back door instead and sends a servant to pass a message... (full context)
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...in the other room, and sees one man who dances particularly grandly. This happy man, Elizabeth-Jane’s dance partner for that number, is Newson. (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane appears, having been summoned by the servant. She tells Henchard she might once have cared... (full context)
Chapter 45
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About one month after her wedding, Elizabeth-Jane discovers that the caged goldfinch that had been found starved to death, had been brought... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane tells Farfrae that she wishes to find Henchard, but when he cannot be found, Elizabeth-Jane... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane and Farfrae follow Abel Whittle to a cottage where they see him enter. When they... (full context)
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Abel shows Elizabeth-Jane and Farfrae a will that Henchard produced before he died. The will does not describe... (full context)
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Elizabeth-Jane is moved by Henchard’s bitterness in his will and regrets her unkindness at their last... (full context)