Notes from Underground


Fyodor Dostoevsky

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Notes from Underground Symbols

The Crystal Palace

Dostoevsky’s Notes from Underground is, at least partially, a response to Nikolay Chernyshevsky’s novel What is to Be Done? In this book, Chernyshevsky espoused an optimistic confidence in human rationality. He thought that if people… read analysis of The Crystal Palace

Two Times Two Equals Four

This simple equation epitomizes rationality and scientific and mathematical fact for the underground man. In its simplicity and truth, it is undeniable and leaves no room for disagreement or protest. The underground man says… read analysis of Two Times Two Equals Four