Roman Fever


Edith Wharton

Teachers and parents! Struggling with distance learning? Our Teacher Edition on Roman Fever can help.
Themes and Colors
Competition in Female Relationships Theme Icon
Knowledge and Denial Theme Icon
Nostalgia Theme Icon
The Artifice of High Society Life Theme Icon
LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Roman Fever, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work.
Knowledge and Denial Theme Icon

On the surface, it seems as though Mrs. Ansley’s revelation at the end of the afternoon—that she had an affair with Delphin and became pregnant with Barbara as a result—upends everything Mrs. Slade believes about her marriage, her friendship with Mrs. Ansley, and herself. However, closer investigation suggests that hearing Mrs. Ansley’s version of events does not change Mrs. Slade’s fundamental understanding of her friend as a threat; rather, it strips away a fiction to which Mrs. Slade has clung for years, and confirms the troubling truths she has suspected—and suppressed—since her youth. Although she disparages Mrs. Ansley in her thoughts throughout the afternoon, Mrs. Slade admits that she has always been aware of and threatened by her friend’s subtle power. In a sudden moment of truthfulness, she tells Mrs. Ansley: “I was afraid; afraid of you, your quiet ways, your sweetness … your … well, I wanted you out of the way, that’s all.” Despite this understanding, Mrs. Slade’s powers of self-deception are powerful. She does not recognize—at least, not until Mrs. Ansley tells her explicitly—the depth and authenticity of Mrs. Ansley’s feelings for Delphin, or the ways in which their attraction to one another shaped her life.

The tension between knowledge and denial extends beyond Mrs. Slade’s understanding of her marriage and her friendship with Mrs. Ansley. Mrs. Slade admits she has a taste for drama. She misses the fast-paced life she shared with Delphin and seems unduly frustrated at the absence of scandal and adventure in the life of her daughter, Jenny, as if desiring a distraction from the sorrows and struggles of her life as a widow. Her desire for Jenny to “fall in love—with the wrong man, even” seems inextricably intertwined with the sadness and uneventfulness of her widowhood. She longs to live vicariously through her daughter so that she can avoid confronting her own loneliness and sorrow after having lost a partner. In addition to the difficult but expected death of her husband, however, is a profound tragedy that Mrs. Slade acknowledges only briefly: she refers, in her thoughts, to the “agony” of losing her son, who “died suddenly in boyhood” a number of years before the beginning of the story. Mrs. Slade observes how the grief she feels at losing her husband amplifies the grief she feels when she returns to the memory of her son: “after the father’s death, the thought of the boy had become unbearable.” In large and small ways, Mrs. Slade’s thoughts and behavior suggest that she is desperate to avoid confronting the painful realities of her life.

Related Themes from Other Texts
Compare and contrast themes from other texts to this theme…

Knowledge and Denial ThemeTracker

The ThemeTracker below shows where, and to what degree, the theme of Knowledge and Denial appears in each section of Roman Fever. Click or tap on any chapter to read its Summary & Analysis.
How often theme appears:
section length:
Get the entire Roman Fever LitChart as a printable PDF.
Roman Fever PDF

Knowledge and Denial Quotes in Roman Fever

Below you will find the important quotes in Roman Fever related to the theme of Knowledge and Denial.
Section 1 Quotes

“After all, it’s still the most beautiful view in the world.”
“It always will be, to me,” assented her friend Mrs. Ansley, with so slight a stress on the “me” that Mrs. Slade, though she noticed it, wondered if it were not merely accidental, like the random underlinings of old-fashioned letter-writers.
“Grace Ansley was always old-fashioned,” she thought.

Related Characters: Alida Slade (speaker), Grace Ansley
Page Number: 5
Explanation and Analysis:

“Moonlight—moonlight! What a part it still plays. Do you suppose they’re as sentimental as we were?”
“I’ve come to the conclusion that I don’t in the least know what they are,” said Mrs. Ansley. “And perhaps we didn’t know much more about each other.”

Related Characters: Grace Ansley (speaker), Barbara Ansley , Jenny Slade
Page Number: 5-6
Explanation and Analysis:

In living up to such a husband all her faculties had been engaged; now she had only her daughter to live up to, for the son who seemed to have inherited his father’s gifts had died suddenly in boyhood. She had fought through that agony because her husband was there, to be helped and to help; now, after the father’s death, the thought of the boy had become unbearable. There was nothing left but to mother her daughter; and dear Jenny was such a perfect daughter that she needed no excessive mothering … She wished that Jenny would fall in love—with the wrong man, even; that she might have to be watched, out-manoeuvred, rescued.

Related Characters: Alida Slade (speaker), Delphin Slade , Jenny Slade
Page Number: 8
Explanation and Analysis:
Section 2 Quotes

Mrs. Ansley had resumed her knitting. One might almost have imagined (if one had known her less well, Mrs. Slade reflected) that, for her also, too many memories rose from the lengthening shadows of those august ruins. But no; she was simply absorbed in her work.

Related Characters: Alida Slade (speaker), Grace Ansley
Related Symbols: Knitting
Page Number: 12
Explanation and Analysis:

Mrs. Slade waited nervously for another word or movement. None came, and at length she broke out: “I horrify you.”
Mrs. Ansley’s hands dropped to her knees. The face they uncovered was streaked with tears. “I wasn’t thinking of you. I was thinking—it was the only letter I ever had from him!”

Related Characters: Alida Slade (speaker), Grace Ansley (speaker), Delphin Slade
Page Number: 16
Explanation and Analysis:

“I don’t know why you should be sorry for me … After all, I had everything; I had him for twenty-five years. And you had nothing but that one letter that he didn’t write.”
Mrs. Ansley was again silent. At length she turned toward the door of the terrace. She took a step, and turned back, facing her companion.
“I had Barbara,” she said, and began to move ahead of Mrs. Slade toward the stairway.

Related Characters: Alida Slade (speaker), Grace Ansley (speaker), Delphin Slade , Barbara Ansley
Page Number: 20
Explanation and Analysis: