Sherman Alexie's "Evolution" was published in his best-selling 1992 collection, The Business of Fancy-Dancing. With Alexie's characteristic dark humor, the poem examines the exploitation of indigenous Americans. It features a modernized version of the famous frontiersman Buffalo Bill (a.k.a. William F. Cody), whose 19th-century roadshow "Buffalo Bill's Wild West" sensationalized life on the frontier and battles with American Indians for entertainment and profit. This time, Bill opens up a pawn shop on a reservation where the local "Indians" go to sell their possessions. After they've pawned off everything they have, Bill opens up a "Museum of Native American Cultures"—selling a hollow experience of the same traditions and identities that he essentially destroyed. The poem works as an extended metaphor for the continued devastation and exploitation of native peoples.