Fun Home

Bruce Bechdel Character Analysis

Alison’s father, a provincial English teacher and World War II veteran who loves literature and surface aesthetics of all kinds. Bruce is extremely feminine in Alison’s view, as he’s obsessed with flowers and artificial, surface-level beauty of all kinds, which is acted out in his obsession with restoring the Bechdel family’s old Victorian house. As a part-time job, Bruce also runs the funeral home that he inherited from his father. He is cold and often absent as a father, and sometimes full of rage. He and Alison do connect during the later part of Alison’s teenage years through her love of books. The novel centers on Alison’s relationship to Bruce, and the possible causes that led to Bruce’s (most likely) suicidal death, including aspects of him that Alison did not know of as a child: his hidden homosexuality or bisexuality and a string of affairs he carried on with teenage boys (many of them his students) throughout his marriage to Alison’s mother, Helen. In a way, Bruce’s story can be seen as the opposite of Alison’s. While she eventually explored and expressed her sexuality and identity openly, Bruce never did. Instead he built walls around himself to behind which to hide or imprison himself, and seems alternately to be lost behind those walls or bursting out in various monstrous ways—but he never seems at ease with who he is.

Bruce Bechdel Quotes in Fun Home

The Fun Home quotes below are all either spoken by Bruce Bechdel or refer to Bruce Bechdel. For each quote, you can also see the other characters and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one:
Gender Identity and Coming of Age Theme Icon
). Note: all page numbers and citation info for the quotes below refer to the Mariner Books edition of Fun Home published in 2007.
Chapter 1 Quotes

My father could spin garbage… into gold. He could transfigure a room with the smallest offhand flourish… he was an alchemist of appearance, a savant of surface, a Daedalus of decor.

Related Characters: Alison Bechdel (speaker), Bruce Bechdel
Related Symbols: The Bechdel Family Home
Page Number: 6
Explanation and Analysis:

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Sometimes, when things were going well, I think my father actually enjoyed having a family. Or at least, the air of authenticity we lent to his exhibit. Sort of like a still life with children.

Related Characters: Alison Bechdel (speaker), Bruce Bechdel, Helen Bechdel, John Bechdel, Christian Bechdel
Related Symbols: The Bechdel Family Home
Page Number: 13
Explanation and Analysis:

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…his absence resonated retroactively, echoing back through all the time I knew him. Maybe it was the converse of the way amputees feel pain in a missing limb. He really was there all those years, a flesh-and-blood presence… But I ached as if he were already gone.

Related Characters: Alison Bechdel (speaker), Bruce Bechdel
Page Number: 23
Explanation and Analysis:

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Chapter 2 Quotes

Joan drove home with me and we arrived that evening. My little brother John and I greeted each other with ghastly, uncontrollable grins.

Related Characters: Alison Bechdel (speaker), Bruce Bechdel, Joan, John Bechdel
Page Number: 46
Explanation and Analysis:

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You would also think that a childhood spent in such close proximity to the workaday incidentals of death would be good preparation. That when someone you knew actually died, maybe you’d get to skip a phase or two of the grieving process… But in fact, all the years spent visiting gravediggers, joking with burial-vault salesmen, and teasing my brothers with crushed vials of smelling salts only made my own father’s death more incomprehensible.

Related Characters: Alison Bechdel (speaker), Bruce Bechdel
Page Number: 50
Explanation and Analysis:

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Chapter 3 Quotes

My father’s death was a queer business—queer in every sense of that multivalent word…but most compellingly at the time, his death was bound up for me with the one definition conspicuously missing from our mammoth Webster’s.

Related Characters: Alison Bechdel (speaker), Bruce Bechdel
Page Number: 57
Explanation and Analysis:

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I’d been upstaged, demoted from protagonist in my own drama to comic relief in my parents’ tragedy… I had imagined my confession as an emancipation from my parents, but instead I was pulled back into their orbit.

Related Characters: Alison Bechdel (speaker), Bruce Bechdel, Helen Bechdel
Page Number: 58-59
Explanation and Analysis:

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The line that dad drew between reality and fiction was indeed a blurry one. To understand this, one had only to enter his library… And if my father liked to imagine himself as a nineteenth century aristocrat overseeing his estate from behind the leather-topped mahogany and brass second-empire desk… did that require such a leap of the imagination? Perhaps affectation can be so thoroughgoing, so authentic in its details, that it stops being pretense… and becomes, for all practical purposes, real.

Related Characters: Alison Bechdel (speaker), Bruce Bechdel
Related Symbols: The Bechdel Family Home
Page Number: 59-60
Explanation and Analysis:

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I think what was so alluring to my father about Fitzgerald’s stories was their inextricability from Fitzgerald’s life. Such a suspension of the imaginary in the real was, after all, my father’s stock in trade. And living with it took a toll on the rest of us.

Related Characters: Alison Bechdel (speaker), Bruce Bechdel, Helen Bechdel
Page Number: 65
Explanation and Analysis:

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I employ these allusions… not only as descriptive devices, but because my parents are most real to me in fictional terms. And perhaps my cool aesthetic distance itself does more to convey the arctic climate of our family than any particular literary comparison.

Related Characters: Alison Bechdel (speaker), Bruce Bechdel
Page Number: 67
Explanation and Analysis:

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My parents met, I eventually extracted from my mother, in a performance of The Taming of the Shrew… It’s a troubling play, of course. The willful Katherine’s spirit is broken by the mercenary, domineering Petruchio… Even in those prefeminist days, my parents must have found this relationship model to be problematic. They would probably have been appalled at the suggestion that their own marriage would play out in a similar way.

Related Characters: Alison Bechdel (speaker), Bruce Bechdel, Helen Bechdel
Page Number: 69-70
Explanation and Analysis:

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Chapter 4 Quotes

Proust would have intense, emotional friendships with fashionable women… but it was young, often straight, men with whom he fell in love. He would also fictionalize real people in his life by transposing their gender—the narrator’s lover Albertine, for example, is often read as a portrait of Proust’s beloved chauffeur/secretary, Alfred.

Related Characters: Alison Bechdel (speaker), Bruce Bechdel
Page Number: 94
Explanation and Analysis:

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I sensed a chink in my family’s armor, an undefended gap in the circle of our wagons which cried out, it seemed to me, for some plain, two-fisted sinew.

Related Characters: Alison Bechdel (speaker), Bruce Bechdel
Page Number: 95
Explanation and Analysis:

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In an act of prestidigitation typical of the way my father juggled his public appearance and private reality, the evidence is simultaneously hidden and revealed.

Related Characters: Alison Bechdel (speaker), Bruce Bechdel, Roy
Page Number: 101
Explanation and Analysis:

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As the man showed us around, it seemed imperative that he not know I was a girl… “John! C’mere! … Call me Albert instead of Alison.” My brother ignored me. But looking back, my stratagem strikes me as a precocious feat of Proustian transposition…

Related Characters: Alison Bechdel (speaker), Bruce Bechdel, John Bechdel
Page Number: 113
Explanation and Analysis:

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Chapter 5 Quotes

…The most arresting thing about the tape is its evidence of both my parents at work, intent and separate… It’s childish, perhaps, to grudge them the sustenance of their creative solitude. But it was all that sustained them, and thus was all-consuming. From their example, I learned quickly to feed myself.

Related Characters: Alison Bechdel (speaker), Bruce Bechdel, Helen Bechdel
Page Number: 133-134
Explanation and Analysis:

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Chapter 6 Quotes

I had recently discovered some of Dad’s old clothes. Putting on the formal shirt with its studs and cufflinks was a nearly mystical pleasure, like finding myself fluent in a language I’d never been taught. It felt too good to actually be good.

Related Characters: Alison Bechdel (speaker), Bruce Bechdel
Page Number: 182
Explanation and Analysis:

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Chapter 7 Quotes

We grew closer after I went away to college. Books—the ones assigned for my English class—continued to serve as our currency.

Related Characters: Alison Bechdel (speaker), Bruce Bechdel
Page Number: 200
Explanation and Analysis:

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What if Icarus hadn’t hurtled into the sea? What if he’d inherited his father’s inventive bent? What might he have wrought? He did hurtle into the sea, of course. But in the tricky reverse narration that impels our entwined stories, he was there to catch me when I leapt.

Related Characters: Alison Bechdel (speaker), Bruce Bechdel
Related Symbols: Daedalus, Icarus, and the Minotaur
Page Number: 231-232
Explanation and Analysis:

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Bruce Bechdel Character Timeline in Fun Home

The timeline below shows where the character Bruce Bechdel appears in Fun Home. The colored dots and icons indicate which themes are associated with that appearance.
Chapter 1: Old Father, Old Artificer
Fiction and Reality Theme Icon
Death and the Tragicomic Theme Icon
...Bechdel narrating over images of her childhood. The first panel shows Alison approaching her father Bruce, who is lying on the floor and puts his feet in the middle of her... (full context)
Repression vs. Openness Theme Icon
Artifice Theme Icon
But, before Bruce plummets, he gets a lot done, and his greatest achievement results from his obsession with... (full context)
Repression vs. Openness Theme Icon
Fiction and Reality Theme Icon
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Bruce salvages trash, redecorates rooms, and is obsessed with everything looking perfect. Alison calls him an... (full context)
Fiction and Reality Theme Icon
...in 1867, then slowly deteriorated. However, over the eighteen years after the Bechdels’ bought it, Bruce makes it his mission to restore the house to its former glory. Alison says Bruce’s... (full context)
Repression vs. Openness Theme Icon
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Like Daedalus, Bruce is indifferent to the human (or familial) cost of his projects. Alison notes how Daedalus... (full context)
Repression vs. Openness Theme Icon
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When things are good, Alison believes Bruce enjoys having a family—or at least the image of it, as she narrates under an... (full context)
Repression vs. Openness Theme Icon
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...“an elasticity, a margin for error.” Even when Alison and her brothers were young children, Bruce would blow up if the slightest part of their home were out of place. An... (full context)
Fiction and Reality Theme Icon
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Alison says her embarrassment is a smaller-scale version of Bruce’s more formidable “self-loathing,” and that his shame inhabited and pervaded the entire house. In fact,... (full context)
Fiction and Reality Theme Icon
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Although Alison is aware of Bruce’s many flaws, she can’t sustain much anger at him. Over images of her father washing... (full context)
Chapter 2: A Happy Death
Fiction and Reality Theme Icon
Artifice Theme Icon
...or an accident. There is, however, suggestive circumstantial evidence, like the fact that Helen asked Bruce for a divorce two weeks before his death, and also how Bruce had been reading... (full context)
Death and the Tragicomic Theme Icon
At the same time, Alison notes that before his death, the family couldn’t have perceived Bruce reading A Happy Death as a sign of desperation, because her dad was always reading... (full context)
Repression vs. Openness Theme Icon
Death and the Tragicomic Theme Icon
Artifice Theme Icon
...her father’s grave, the location where he died, Alison’s childhood home, and the farm where Bruce was born all exist within a radius of one and a half miles. Many of... (full context)
Death and the Tragicomic Theme Icon
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When Helen and Bruce were young, Helen flew to Europe to marry Bruce while he was in the army.... (full context)
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...Alison’s Grammy lives in the front of the building, with the business in the back. Bruce is responsible for decorating the interior, so the rooms are hung with dark velvet drapery.... (full context)
Fiction and Reality Theme Icon
...beg Grammy to tell them the same story over and over: The story of when Bruce, as a boy, got stuck in the mud. She recites: once, when Bruce was no... (full context)
Fiction and Reality Theme Icon
After that, Mort DeHaas brought Bruce back to Grammy’s kitchen, where she undressed him and then put him in the oven... (full context)
Repression vs. Openness Theme Icon
Death and the Tragicomic Theme Icon
...an oven, though Alison notes that the way she once witnessed her Grammy forcefully help Bruce tie his surgical gown was “evocative” for her. In the funeral home, her father worked... (full context)
Repression vs. Openness Theme Icon
Death and the Tragicomic Theme Icon
...that the exchange felt to her like a test. She wonders if this is how Bruce’s own father showed Bruce his first cadaver, or whether Bruce felt like he’d become too... (full context)
Repression vs. Openness Theme Icon
Fiction and Reality Theme Icon
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When Alison drove home to Pennsylvania the night of Bruce’s death, she and her little brother John “greeted each other with ghastly, uncontrollable grins.” Alison... (full context)
Fiction and Reality Theme Icon
Death and the Tragicomic Theme Icon
Alison says it’s not that she thinks Bruce killed himself because of his existential angst—Camus’ conclusion in the book, after all, is that... (full context)
Repression vs. Openness Theme Icon
Fiction and Reality Theme Icon
Death and the Tragicomic Theme Icon
...don’t know we’re going to die, “But then, he wasn’t a mortician.” Alison suspects that Bruce was all too enchanted by the idea of death. In the letters Bruce would write... (full context)
Repression vs. Openness Theme Icon
Death and the Tragicomic Theme Icon
...quickly than others, but, in fact, all those years near graves and bodies only made Bruce’s death “more incomprehensible” to Alison. Alison finds the death of her undertaker father impossible and... (full context)
Repression vs. Openness Theme Icon
Fiction and Reality Theme Icon
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...off with violence. This same irritation would overtake Alison for years afterward whenever she visited Bruce’s obelisk grave. One time, she found a cheesy armed services flag on top of Bruce’s... (full context)
Chapter 3: That Old Catastrophe
Gender Identity and Coming of Age Theme Icon
Repression vs. Openness Theme Icon
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...by narrating, over an image of the many definitions of ‘queer’ in a dictionary, that Bruce’s death was queer in every sense of the word. His death was strange, suspicious, perhaps... (full context)
Gender Identity and Coming of Age Theme Icon
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...had hoped, and after an exchange of difficult letters with her mother, Helen eventually revealed Bruce’s homosexual affairs to Alison on the phone. Alison says she felt like she’d been “upstaged”... (full context)
Fiction and Reality Theme Icon
Artifice Theme Icon
Alison says the line that Bruce drew between reality and fiction was “blurry.” One could tell this by his library—it was... (full context)
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Part of Bruce’s routine involved mentoring his more promising high school students—and though Alison notes that the exchange... (full context)
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After reading the biography, Bruce tore through Fitzgerald’s stories, seeing himself in various characters. Though Bruce never mentions identifying with... (full context)
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...to her father about Fitzgerald’s stories “was their inextricability from Fitzgerald’s life.” Over images of Bruce flirting with one of his high school students, Roy, and offering him sherry, Alison notes... (full context)
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If Bruce was a Fitzgerald character, Helen stepped right out of a Henry James book, as she... (full context)
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...there was no story of how they met, and they never used terms of endearment. Bruce rarely even used Helen’s name, instead calling her ‘You.’ In her whole life, Alison witnessed... (full context)
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...college production of Shakespeare’s play The Taming of the Shrew, Helen played the lead, and Bruce had a bit part. Over an image of Bruce (somewhat eerily) staring at Helen while... (full context)
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...a man she is way too good for. After Helen came to Europe to marry Bruce, they went to Paris to visit an army friend of Bruce’s. They had a terrible... (full context)
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...with Gilbert, Helen, too, “ends up ground in the very mill of the conventional” with Bruce. Over an image of a passport photo taken eight years after this time in Europe,... (full context)
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...her parents that she was gay. So, Alison came out to her parents via letter. Bruce called after receiving the letter to tell her he believed that “everyone should experiment,” but... (full context)
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...political awakening, as the news from home became increasingly unsettling about the erratic behavior of Bruce. Soon after Joan and Alison moved in together for the summer, Alison got a call... (full context)
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...that poem because “its juxtaposition of catastrophe with a plush domestic interior” depicts life with Bruce in a nutshell. Alison says her father’s death was a catastrophe that had been unfolding... (full context)
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...embody the same idea as Gatsby’s — “the preference of a fiction to reality.” As Bruce reads a book about Zelda Fitzgerald, he asks Alison what she needs the check for,... (full context)
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...writing out that check for MAD magazine, she narrates that she’s contemplated the idea that Bruce might have timed his death to mimic Fitzgerald’s. But, that would only confirm that Bruce’s... (full context)
Chapter 4: In The Shadow Of Young Girls In Flower
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Though Alison has suggested Bruce killed himself, it could also be argued that he accidentally died while gardening, as he... (full context)
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Over images of Bruce bringing Alison and her brothers on an illegal flower-stealing trip, Alison narrates that Proust describes... (full context)
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...lover Albertine may have been a stand-in for Proust’s love for his chauffeur/secretary, Alfred. Though Bruce couldn’t afford a chauffeur/secretary, Roy, along with many of Bruce’s other high school students, stood... (full context)
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...At an early age Alison “had become a connoisseur of masculinity.” Over an image of Bruce fussing with a vase of flowers while Alison, as a young girl, watches a cowboy... (full context)
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Though Bruce held power over her, Alison repeats that it was clear to her that her father... (full context)
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...photo looks as if it was taken when she was eight, on a vacation with Bruce to the Jersey Shore while Helen was away on a trip. Alison notes that Roy... (full context)
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...Geurmantes Way. At first, the paths are presented as opposites. But, over an image of Bruce driving Roy and his kids to pick up Helen from the city, Alison adds that,... (full context)
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...friend Elly. Roy takes Alison (who is eight) and her brothers for a walk while Bruce goes up to the apartment to get Helen. Alison observes the hot, smelly city in... (full context)
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...as a parallel between Alison and her parents’ young adulthood a decade earlier. Alison imagines Bruce taking the bus up from college to visit Helen in the city. She wonders how... (full context)
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...go out to the Bechdel family’s cabin in the forest, called the Bullpen. Alison and Bruce got the key from Uncle Fred, who also gave Bruce a rolled-up paper item to... (full context)
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The next day, Bruce had to go back to town for a funeral, so Bill showed Alison and her... (full context)
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Alison wonders, over an image of Bruce walking across the road with an oncoming truck approaching, what if Bruce really had seen... (full context)
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After Bruce died, an updated translation of Proust was published, and the book was retitled In Search... (full context)
Chapter 5: The Canary-Colored Caravan of Death
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Two nights before Bruce’s death, Alison dreamed that she was out at the family cabin with him. There was... (full context)
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Alison’s numbness, along with all the mourning at Bruce’s funeral was making her irritable. She wondered what would happen if she told someone at... (full context)
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...had just been blasted through a ridge close to Beech Creek. Over an image of Bruce and the kids playing cards on the porch, Alison narrates that the mountain deadened any... (full context)
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...writing a poem about spring at the age of seven. She showed the poem to Bruce, who improvised a second stanza about flowers. Alison added Bruce’s lines to the typescript, and... (full context)
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...was a huge coloring book of E.H. Shepard’s illustrations for The Wind in the Willows. Bruce had read Alison bits of the story from the real version of the book, and... (full context)
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...if “Chop-in” wrote chopsticks, Helen replied, “Sho-Pahn. No. Don’t bother me now.” Several years after Bruce’s death, Helen was using an old tape recorder to rehearse for the play Morning at... (full context)
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Alison says that it was jarring to hear Bruce speak from beyond the grave, but the most shocking part about the tape was its... (full context)
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...felt guilty about something. She asked if Alison had any bad thoughts about herself or Bruce, and Alison said “No” while wondering whether she had. Alison knew her mother had gotten... (full context)
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...Alison. She continued reading, searching for a more concrete answer. Over images of Helen and Bruce arguing while a teen Alison reads Baby and Child Care, Alison narrates that she learned... (full context)
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Over an image of a small radius encircling the areas where Bruce was born, lived, died, and was buried, Alison narrates that Bruce’s life “was a solipsistic... (full context)
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...were getting fairly illegible by August,” when Alison and her brothers went with Bill and Bruce to the Bullpen in the woods. Given how important that event is in Alison’s memory,... (full context)
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...landscape itself. She notes how living in the anonymity of a city might have saved Bruce’s life, but adds that she can’t imagine her father having existed anywhere outside of Beech... (full context)
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Alison had forgotten her father’s accent—by the time Bruce died, Alison had mostly succeeded in ridding herself of her own rural accent. However, Bruce’s... (full context)
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...a bad accident on Route 150 in which three people were killed close to where Bruce would die nine years later. It was the first time the “Fun home” hosted three... (full context)
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...were gone. By the end of September, Alison narrated to her mother that she and Bruce watched a beautiful sunset together. Over an image of the father and daughter watching the... (full context)
Chapter 6: The Ideal Husband
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...dad is going to “a psychiatrist!!” Alison narrates that, the summer when she was 13, Bruce’s secret almost surfaced. At breakfast, Bruce was in a jacket and tie, and when he... (full context)
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...binge of nonstop play.” Alison narrates that it never occurred to her to wonder what Bruce had been up to during their absence, but she later learned “he’d been on a... (full context)
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...report that Alison looked up 27 years later, Alison narrates that on Thursday at dusk, Bruce had driven over to the next valley to search for a kid he knew named... (full context)
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On the first day of July, Bruce told Alison that he had to go see a psychiatrist. Later that same day, Helen... (full context)
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...how funny Wilde’s play was. So, Alison continued reading on her own, joyously reciting to Bruce the line, “I never travel without my diary. One should always have something sensational to... (full context)
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...when Helen told Alison there was a chance the family might have to move, since Bruce had to go to court in a few days and might lose his job for... (full context)
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...Road Runner in the cartoons with Wile E. Coyote. Though the accusation made her view Bruce a little differently, she was still sympathetic toward her father. Alison narrates that what she... (full context)
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Alison can only speculate on the exact nature of Bruce’s relations with the brothers (Mark and Dave) in the next valley, but in the end... (full context)
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...of “narrow escape.” Helen retyped her thesis and it was accepted the next day, while Bruce was only held accountable for the underage liquor charge, and only had to complete six... (full context)
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Two days after Bruce’s court date, Nixon resigned. On Labor Day, the Bechdels hosted a lawn party for the... (full context)
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...game. Alison suggest that, instead, the two of them could dress up in some of Bruce’s fancy dress suits, and Beth agreed. Alison narrates that she took “a nearly mystical pleasure”... (full context)
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...one entry she forced herself to be nonchalant about her interest in men’s fashion. Meanwhile, Bruce never mentioned going to the psychiatrist again, though he seemingly continued to do so. Alison... (full context)
Chapter 7: The Antihero’s Journey
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In 1976, Bruce took Alison and her brothers to New York City to see all the ships gathered... (full context)
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...weekend was gay all around, over an image of Baryshnikov at the ballet. Elly took Bruce and Alison to see her friends Richard and Tom, and though no one said so,... (full context)
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...didn’t draw a conscious parallel between the musical and her own sexuality, much less to Bruce’s. However, the experience left Alison “supple and open to possibility.” The next morning, John wandered... (full context)
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After reprimanding John, Bruce was quick to forgive and took the family to more museums. Shortly after that, Elly... (full context)
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When Alison tries to imagine what Bruce’s life might have been like if he hadn’t died in 1980, she doesn’t get far.... (full context)
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...homophobia is her father’s story. She notes that there’s a certain emotional gratification to claiming Bruce as “a tragic victim of homophobia. But that’s a problematic line of thought” because, for... (full context)
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In Alison’s earliest memories, Bruce’s return home from work always signaled the end of playtime for Helen, Christian and Alison.... (full context)
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...of closeness with her father was novel for Alison. Alison believes that both she and Bruce were starved for attention. They grew even closer when Alison went away to college—the books... (full context)
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...coaching from her father. However, now that Alison thinks back on it, she’s unsure whether Bruce served as “the vicarious teacher or the vicarious student” in his rants to her. Eventually,... (full context)
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...settled on a course solely devoted to reading James Joyce’s novel Ulysses, which was also Bruce’s favorite book. Alison’s interview to get into the class with Professor Avery also occurred on... (full context)
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When she was home for Christmas, Alison found Bruce’s delight about Ulysses a bit off-putting. Bruce gave her the copy he read in college,... (full context)
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Alison and Bruce did not discuss Earthly Paradise, and Alison added it to her growing stack of lesbian... (full context)
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...her coming out letter the same day Alison faked her way through the Ulysses exam. Bruce called to talk to Alison but failed to mention his own homosexuality. “Like Stephen and... (full context)
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Three weeks later, Helen told Alison about Bruce’s big secret. Though Alison was still striving to understand her own sexuality, this news about... (full context)
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...structure seemed to be missing. The Bechdels ate in silence, and then John, Christian, and Bruce all left for various solitary activities. When they were alone, Helen took Alison into her... (full context)
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...that the gay group at her college was planning on picketing the movie Cruising. When Bruce asked her why, Alison was unprepared to follow it up. Alison dropped the subject, “Partly... (full context)
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At the end of the week, Bruce and Alison went to go see the movie Coal Miner’s Daughter. On the way, Alison... (full context)
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But, Alison asks: which of Alison and Bruce was the father? Alison notes that she felt “distinctly parent” while listening to Bruce, who... (full context)
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Alison returned to school and her relationship with Joan. A letter from Bruce followed expressing his excitement at reading the Kate Millett book. In an “unconscious” gesture, Alison... (full context)
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...Bloom had committed suicide by purposely overdosing, but he left a letter for his son. Bruce left no such note. After Bruce’s funeral, Alison’s life resumed its course. Grief takes many... (full context)
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In one of Bruce’s courtship letters to Helen, he praised her by comparing her writing to Joyce’s, saying it... (full context)
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...narrates that “erotic truth” is a sweeping concept and she shouldn’t pretend to know what Bruce’s was. Perhaps her eagerness to claim Bruce as gay in the way that she’s gay... (full context)
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...image of Alison as a girl jumping off the diving board into the water with Bruce waiting to catch her, Alison narrates that “in the tricky reverse narration” that drives the... (full context)