The Diary of a Madman


Nikolai Gogol

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The Diary of a Madman Symbols

Ferdinand VIII

Ferdinand VIII is the made-up heir to the throne of Spain, and Poprishchin’s alter ego after he officially descends into insanity. After reading headlines in the newspaper, Poprishchin hears that Spain is missing a…

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Attire and Clothing

Poprishchin’s fixation on social class and status makes him very judgmental of other people. His judgment often extends to others’ clothing, and various diary entries reference what people are wearing to illustrate their relative…

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