Brave New World

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Brave New World Chapter 3 Summary & Analysis

Summary
Analysis
Outside, in the Hatcheries garden, hundreds of naked boys and girls play. The Director remarks to the tour that children used to play simple games with just a stick and a ball instead of complicated games that ensured consumption.
The games of innocent children have been controlled to produce consumption…
Themes
Dystopia and Totalitarianism Theme Icon
Technology and Control Theme Icon
Industrialism and Consumption Theme Icon
The Director points out a "charming" seven year old boy and eight year old girl playing a rudimentary sex game. Another boy refuses to play a sex game and is taken by a nurse to visit a psychologist. The Director mentions the distant past, when it was considered immoral to play sex games.
…and to develop the kind of promiscuous sexual relationships that we think are inappropriate but that help keep the World State stable and productive.
Themes
Dystopia and Totalitarianism Theme Icon
Technology and Control Theme Icon
The Cost of Happiness Theme Icon
Suddenly a man interrupts the Director to say that the effects of such policies against promiscuity were terrible. The director exclaims in shock and awe that this man is his fordship, Mustapha Mond, one of the ten World Controllers.
Mond's comment promises an answer to how the World State developed, and indicates that World State citizens think their slavery is rational and good.
Themes
Dystopia and Totalitarianism Theme Icon
Technology and Control Theme Icon
The Cost of Happiness Theme Icon
At this moment, the work shift ends at the Center. Workers head to the changing rooms. Lenina talks to her friend Fanny, who chastises her for exclusively dating Henry Foster for so long. Lenina decides to accept an offer to go on vacation with Bernard Marx, though she agrees with Fanny that Bernard is odd.
The shift to the workers gives an example of conditioning in action. Fanny just spouts the words she was conditioned to think, and Lenina accepts them as morally true.
Themes
Dystopia and Totalitarianism Theme Icon
Technology and Control Theme Icon
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In the men's changing room, Bernard listens as Henry and another man talk about "having" Lenina. Though this way of talking is normal for World State society, it angers Bernard.
Bernard is the first example of an individual in the World State. He disagrees with World State "morality."
Themes
Individuality Theme Icon
Meanwhile, Mond explains how the World State eliminates strong emotions by eliminating families and promoting promiscuous sex. He describes how the World State arose from the destruction of the Nine Year's War—people wanted stability more than anything else. Religion, historical study, art, solitary thinking, and families were abolished or discouraged through conditioning. The drug soma was developed to make everyone happy whenever they wanted to be. The first sale of a Model-T Ford was chosen as the beginning of the new era.
The World State began when the citizens of the world, exhausted by war, chose self-imposed slavery and security over freedom and instability. In other words, the World State arose from a conscious choice to give up all the great things about humanity in order to also eliminate the terrible things.
Themes
Dystopia and Totalitarianism Theme Icon
Technology and Control Theme Icon
The Cost of Happiness Theme Icon