Welcome to the LitCharts study guide on Aeschylus's The Eumenides. Created by the original team behind SparkNotes, LitCharts are the world's best literature guides.
- Full Title: The Eumenides
- When Written: 458 BCE
- Where Written: Athens
- Literary Period: Classical
- Genre: Tragedy
- Setting: Athens
- Climax: Athena creates the first trial by jury in order to determine whether Orestes should be punished by the Furies.
- Antagonist: The Furies
Historical fiction. Athens really did originate the first trial by jury—jurors were chosen by lot, to ensure their impartiality, and had an equal say in the proceedings regardless of class or wealth.
Copycats. The Greek tragedians Sophocles and Euripides also incorporated the Furies into their plays—Sophocles in his play Oedipus at Colonus, and Euripides in his play Orestes, a rewrite of Aeschylus’ own The Libation Bearers.