Sizwe Bansi Is Dead


Athol Fugard

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Passbooks/Reference Books

In Sizwe Bansi Is Dead, passbooks represent the racist refusal of South Africa’s apartheid government to recognize Black South Africans’ human dignity and individuality. This refusal deeply harms the play’s Black characters, but they…

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In Sizwe Bansi Is Dead, photographs represent Black South Africans’ dreams—dreams that South Africa’s white-supremacist apartheid government cannot destroy, although it can make their realization uncertain. The play introduces the symbolism of photography through…

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