Welcome to the LitCharts study guide on Juan Rulfo's Pedro Páramo. Created by the original team behind SparkNotes, LitCharts are the world's best literature guides.
Pedro Páramo: Introduction
Pedro Páramo: Plot Summary
Pedro Páramo: Detailed Summary & Analysis
Pedro Páramo: Themes
Pedro Páramo: Quotes
Pedro Páramo: Characters
Pedro Páramo: Terms
Pedro Páramo: Symbols
Pedro Páramo: Theme Wheel
Brief Biography of Juan Rulfo
Historical Context of Pedro Páramo
Other Books Related to Pedro Páramo
- Full Title: Pedro Páramo
- When Written: 1947-1954
- Where Written: Largely on the road as a traveling salesman (1947-1952), at the Centro Mexicano de Escritores in Mexico City (1952-1954)
- When Published: 1955
- Literary Period: Twentieth-Century Mexican Literature, Latin American Boom
- Genre: Latin American Postmodernism, Magical Realism, Mexican Historical Fiction, Mexican Revolutionary NNovel
- Setting: Comala, a fictionalized version of the real town of the same name in the state of Colima, Mexico.
- Climax: Juan Preciado’s death, Susana San Juan’s death, Pedro Páramo’s death
- Antagonist: Pedro Páramo, Miguel Páramo, the Catholic Church, Abundio Martínez, the Mexican Revolution
- Point of View: First Person (Juan Preciado, Pedro Páramo, Susana San Juan) and Third Person
Extra Credit for Pedro Páramo
Fictional Life for Real Ghosts. The deceased protagonists of Pedro Páramo took their names from actual dead people—Juan Rulfo reportedly developed his characters by walking around cemeteries and selecting names and surnames from the gravestones he encountered.
Multiple Titles. Juan Rulfo changed this novel’s title several times before finally punishing it as Pedro Páramo. He originally titled it A Star Next to the Moon, then changed it to The Deserts of Earth, and later decided to call it The Murmurs, which refers to the echoes of the past that populate the novel and scare Juan Preciado to death in its middle section. Rulfo ultimately had to change the title to Pedro Páramo, in part to avoid confusion with another novel published that year. This has profoundly shaped the way generations of readers have interpreted the novel by turning Pedro Páramo into its central character.