The Lowland

The Lowland


Jhumpa Lahiri

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This refers to the 1947 division of British India into two separate states: India and Pakistan. Partition was—and still is—seen as a hasty, ineffective, violent, and irresponsible dismantling headed by British administrators seeking to create… read analysis of Partition

Communist Party of India (Marxist)/CPI(M)

A political party that has endured to the present day. Within the pages of The Lowland, the party splintered from the original Communist Party of India when many members felt that the Party was… read analysis of Communist Party of India (Marxist)/CPI(M)

Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist)CPI(ML)

/– Formed in 1969 by Kanu Sanyal, the party was a splinter group off of the Communist Party of India (Marxist), or the CPI (M), itself already a splinter group, and later devolved… read analysis of Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist)CPI(ML)


The Hindu caste system is determined by hereditary class divisions, in which social privileges are inherited from one generation to the next. It has historically been virtually impossible to move from a lower caste to… read analysis of Caste

United Front

A West Bengali political coalition formed in 1967. The party was threatened and eventually dissolved by the internal conflict within the CPI(M) and the associated Naxalite rebellion. read analysis of United Front
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A small village in West Bengal that was the center of an uprising by the CPI(M) led by Charu Majumdar and Kanu Sanyal. At the time of the uprising, the peasants of the village… read analysis of Naxalbari


The Naxalites are, today, commonly viewed as terrorists whose violent acts and demonstrations in support of far-left Communist ideologies trace back to the original 1967 splintering of the CPI(ML) off of the previously established CPI(M)read analysis of Naxalites

Durga Pujo

The largest festival in West Bengal, Durga Pujo (sometimes Durga Puja) is a major festival of Hinduism held for 10 days in the Hindu month of Ashvina, which overlaps with the Gregorian months of September… read analysis of Durga Pujo

Fidel Castro

A Cuban communist revolutionary. Castro converted Cuba into a one-party, socialist state under Communist Party rule—the first in the Western Hemisphere. Castro ruled Cuba first as Prime Minister and later as President—a thinly-veiled moniker disguising… read analysis of Fidel Castro

Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong ruled the People’s Republic of China as the Chairman of the Communist Party from 1949 until his death in 1976. Mao’s Chinese nationalist, anti-imperialist outlook was inspired by Marxism-Leninism. He attempted to transform… read analysis of Mao Zedong

Che Guevara

Che Guevara was an Argentine Marxist revolutionary and guerilla leader who has, since his death in 1967, become a recognized symbol of rebellion the world over. Like Udayan, Che was radicalized after his travels… read analysis of Che Guevara