White Noise

In White Noise, the supermarket represents the myriad influences of consumerism on American culture. Portrayed by Murray as a “gateway or pathway” to spiritually charged levels of consciousness, the supermarket embodies the alluring quality…

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TV is the most immediate means by which consumer culture is transmitted into Jack and his family’s lives. Whereas the supermarket allows the Gladneys to physically enter and interact with their culture’s psychic data, the…

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More than any other figure in the book, Hitler stands for authority in Jack’s eyes. For one thing, his stature as the most feared man in history lends him a gravitas toward which Jack…

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