Karenin, Koznyshev, and another guest continue their discussion of politics. They also debate the merits of a classical education versus a scientific education. The discussion turns to women’s education. Koznyshev and the other guest are for it, whereas Oblonsky and Karenin voice doubts.
Karenin is against women’s education because he wants to maintain traditional Russian societal hierarchies and structures, whereas Oblonsky is against it because he enjoys the comfortable society of which he knows how to be master.